Current diagnosis and management of cardiac myxomas

Sonia Jain, Joseph J. Maleszewski, Christopher R. Stephenson, Kyle W. Klarich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac myxoma is the most common cardiac neoplasm. In the majority of cases, it is isolated (non-syndromic) and located in the left atrium. In up to 10% cases, it is seen in syndromic association with the Carney complex where it is encountered in younger patients, with atypical and multiple locations, such as the right atrium or ventricles, and carries a high risk of recurrence. Imaging is pivotal in the diagnosis, management guidance and surveillance. Surgical excision is the established definitive treatment. Further research should address management strategies in incidentally discovered small myxomas in asymptomatic patients and the role of genetic testing and screening in syndromic myxomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-375
Number of pages7
JournalExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Carney complex
  • cardiac tumor
  • diagnosis
  • echocardiography
  • heart neoplasms
  • myxoma
  • pathology
  • prognosis
  • therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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