Current concepts of the role of abdominal compartment syndrome in acute pancreatitis - An opportunity or merely an epiphenomenon

Guru Trikudanathan, Santhi Swaroop Vege

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association of acute pancreatitis (AP) with intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has only recently been recognized. The detrimental effects of raised intra-abdominal pressure in cardiovascular, pulmonary and renal systems have been well established. Although IAH was associated with a higher APACHE II score and multi-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in severe acute pancreatitis, a causal relationship between ACS and MODS in SAP is yet to be established. It is therefore debatable whether IAH is a phenomenon causative of organ failure or an epiphenomenon seen in conjunction with other organ dysfunction. This review systemically examines the pathophysiological basis and clinical relevance of ACS in AP and summarizes all the available evidence in its management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-243
Number of pages6
JournalPancreatology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Abdominal compartment syndrome
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Decompressive laparotomy
  • Intra-abdominal hypertension
  • Intra-abdominal pressure
  • Severe acute pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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