Intracranial vessel wall MR imaging (VWI) is increasingly being used as a valuable adjunct to conventional angiographic imaging techniques. This article will provide an updated review on intracranial VWI protocols and image interpretation. We review VWI technical considerations, describe common VWI imaging features of different intracranial vasculopathies and show illustrative cases. We review the role of VWI for differentiating among steno-occlusive vasculopathies, such as intracranial atherosclerotic plaque, dissections and Moyamoya disease. We also highlight how VWI may be used for the diagnostic work-up and surveillance of patients with vasculitis of the central nervous system and cerebral aneurysms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging