Current and past smoking patterns in a Central European urban population: A cross-sectional study in a high-burden country

Narine K. Movsisyan, Ondrej Sochor, Eva Kralikova, Renata Cifkova, Hana Ross, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Many studies have examined the socioeconomic variations in smoking and quitting rates across the European region; however, data from Central and East European countries, where the tobacco burden is especially high, are sparse. This study aimed to assess the patterns in current and past smoking prevalence based on cross-sectional data from a Central European urban population sample. Methods: Data from 2160 respondents aged 25-64 years in Brno, Czech Republic were collected in 2013-2014 using the Czech post-MONICA survey questionnaire to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including smoking status. The age- and sex-stratified randomized sample was drawn using health insurance registries. Descriptive statistics and quit ratios were calculated, and chi-square and multivariate logistic analyses conducted to examine relationships between current and past smoking and demographic (age, gender, marital status) and socioeconomic variables (education, income, occupation). Results: The prevalence of current and past smoking was 23.6 and 31.3 % among men and 20.5 and 23.2 % among women, respectively. Education reliably predicted smoking and quitting rates in both genders. Among men, being unemployed was associated with greater odds of smoking (OR 3.6; 1.6-8.1) and lower likelihood of quitting (OR 0.2: 0.1-0.6); the likelihood of quitting also increased with age (OR 1.8; 1.2-2.8). Among women, marital status (being married) decreased the odds of current smoking (OR 0.6; 0.4-0.9) and increased the odds of quitting (OR 2.2; 1.2-3.9). Quit ratios were the lowest in the youngest age group (25-34 years) where quitting was more strongly associated with middle income (OR 2.7; 95 % CI 1.2-5.9) than with higher education (OR 2.9; 95 % CI 0.9-8.2). Conclusions: Interventions to increase cessation rates and reduce smoking prevalence need to be gender-specific and carefully tailored to the needs of the disadvantaged groups of the population, especially the less well-off young adults. Future studies should examine the equity impact of the tobacco control policies and be inclusive of the Central and East European countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number571
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2016

Fingerprint

Urban Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Marital Status
Education
Tobacco
Women's Rights
Czech Republic
Vulnerable Populations
Health Insurance
Population Groups
Occupations
Registries
Young Adult
Multivariate Analysis
Age Groups
Demography

Keywords

  • Central and Eastern Europe
  • Cross-sectional survey
  • Inequalities
  • Smoking cessation
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Current and past smoking patterns in a Central European urban population : A cross-sectional study in a high-burden country. / Movsisyan, Narine K.; Sochor, Ondrej; Kralikova, Eva; Cifkova, Renata; Ross, Hana; Lopez-Jimenez, Francisco.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 1, 571, 15.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Movsisyan, Narine K. ; Sochor, Ondrej ; Kralikova, Eva ; Cifkova, Renata ; Ross, Hana ; Lopez-Jimenez, Francisco. / Current and past smoking patterns in a Central European urban population : A cross-sectional study in a high-burden country. In: BMC Public Health. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 1.
@article{0537c56630484c4db9fa8cc277016c09,
title = "Current and past smoking patterns in a Central European urban population: A cross-sectional study in a high-burden country",
abstract = "Background: Many studies have examined the socioeconomic variations in smoking and quitting rates across the European region; however, data from Central and East European countries, where the tobacco burden is especially high, are sparse. This study aimed to assess the patterns in current and past smoking prevalence based on cross-sectional data from a Central European urban population sample. Methods: Data from 2160 respondents aged 25-64 years in Brno, Czech Republic were collected in 2013-2014 using the Czech post-MONICA survey questionnaire to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including smoking status. The age- and sex-stratified randomized sample was drawn using health insurance registries. Descriptive statistics and quit ratios were calculated, and chi-square and multivariate logistic analyses conducted to examine relationships between current and past smoking and demographic (age, gender, marital status) and socioeconomic variables (education, income, occupation). Results: The prevalence of current and past smoking was 23.6 and 31.3 {\%} among men and 20.5 and 23.2 {\%} among women, respectively. Education reliably predicted smoking and quitting rates in both genders. Among men, being unemployed was associated with greater odds of smoking (OR 3.6; 1.6-8.1) and lower likelihood of quitting (OR 0.2: 0.1-0.6); the likelihood of quitting also increased with age (OR 1.8; 1.2-2.8). Among women, marital status (being married) decreased the odds of current smoking (OR 0.6; 0.4-0.9) and increased the odds of quitting (OR 2.2; 1.2-3.9). Quit ratios were the lowest in the youngest age group (25-34 years) where quitting was more strongly associated with middle income (OR 2.7; 95 {\%} CI 1.2-5.9) than with higher education (OR 2.9; 95 {\%} CI 0.9-8.2). Conclusions: Interventions to increase cessation rates and reduce smoking prevalence need to be gender-specific and carefully tailored to the needs of the disadvantaged groups of the population, especially the less well-off young adults. Future studies should examine the equity impact of the tobacco control policies and be inclusive of the Central and East European countries.",
keywords = "Central and Eastern Europe, Cross-sectional survey, Inequalities, Smoking cessation, Socioeconomic status, Tobacco",
author = "Movsisyan, {Narine K.} and Ondrej Sochor and Eva Kralikova and Renata Cifkova and Hana Ross and Francisco Lopez-Jimenez",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-016-3216-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Current and past smoking patterns in a Central European urban population

T2 - A cross-sectional study in a high-burden country

AU - Movsisyan, Narine K.

AU - Sochor, Ondrej

AU - Kralikova, Eva

AU - Cifkova, Renata

AU - Ross, Hana

AU - Lopez-Jimenez, Francisco

PY - 2016/7/15

Y1 - 2016/7/15

N2 - Background: Many studies have examined the socioeconomic variations in smoking and quitting rates across the European region; however, data from Central and East European countries, where the tobacco burden is especially high, are sparse. This study aimed to assess the patterns in current and past smoking prevalence based on cross-sectional data from a Central European urban population sample. Methods: Data from 2160 respondents aged 25-64 years in Brno, Czech Republic were collected in 2013-2014 using the Czech post-MONICA survey questionnaire to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including smoking status. The age- and sex-stratified randomized sample was drawn using health insurance registries. Descriptive statistics and quit ratios were calculated, and chi-square and multivariate logistic analyses conducted to examine relationships between current and past smoking and demographic (age, gender, marital status) and socioeconomic variables (education, income, occupation). Results: The prevalence of current and past smoking was 23.6 and 31.3 % among men and 20.5 and 23.2 % among women, respectively. Education reliably predicted smoking and quitting rates in both genders. Among men, being unemployed was associated with greater odds of smoking (OR 3.6; 1.6-8.1) and lower likelihood of quitting (OR 0.2: 0.1-0.6); the likelihood of quitting also increased with age (OR 1.8; 1.2-2.8). Among women, marital status (being married) decreased the odds of current smoking (OR 0.6; 0.4-0.9) and increased the odds of quitting (OR 2.2; 1.2-3.9). Quit ratios were the lowest in the youngest age group (25-34 years) where quitting was more strongly associated with middle income (OR 2.7; 95 % CI 1.2-5.9) than with higher education (OR 2.9; 95 % CI 0.9-8.2). Conclusions: Interventions to increase cessation rates and reduce smoking prevalence need to be gender-specific and carefully tailored to the needs of the disadvantaged groups of the population, especially the less well-off young adults. Future studies should examine the equity impact of the tobacco control policies and be inclusive of the Central and East European countries.

AB - Background: Many studies have examined the socioeconomic variations in smoking and quitting rates across the European region; however, data from Central and East European countries, where the tobacco burden is especially high, are sparse. This study aimed to assess the patterns in current and past smoking prevalence based on cross-sectional data from a Central European urban population sample. Methods: Data from 2160 respondents aged 25-64 years in Brno, Czech Republic were collected in 2013-2014 using the Czech post-MONICA survey questionnaire to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including smoking status. The age- and sex-stratified randomized sample was drawn using health insurance registries. Descriptive statistics and quit ratios were calculated, and chi-square and multivariate logistic analyses conducted to examine relationships between current and past smoking and demographic (age, gender, marital status) and socioeconomic variables (education, income, occupation). Results: The prevalence of current and past smoking was 23.6 and 31.3 % among men and 20.5 and 23.2 % among women, respectively. Education reliably predicted smoking and quitting rates in both genders. Among men, being unemployed was associated with greater odds of smoking (OR 3.6; 1.6-8.1) and lower likelihood of quitting (OR 0.2: 0.1-0.6); the likelihood of quitting also increased with age (OR 1.8; 1.2-2.8). Among women, marital status (being married) decreased the odds of current smoking (OR 0.6; 0.4-0.9) and increased the odds of quitting (OR 2.2; 1.2-3.9). Quit ratios were the lowest in the youngest age group (25-34 years) where quitting was more strongly associated with middle income (OR 2.7; 95 % CI 1.2-5.9) than with higher education (OR 2.9; 95 % CI 0.9-8.2). Conclusions: Interventions to increase cessation rates and reduce smoking prevalence need to be gender-specific and carefully tailored to the needs of the disadvantaged groups of the population, especially the less well-off young adults. Future studies should examine the equity impact of the tobacco control policies and be inclusive of the Central and East European countries.

KW - Central and Eastern Europe

KW - Cross-sectional survey

KW - Inequalities

KW - Smoking cessation

KW - Socioeconomic status

KW - Tobacco

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84987642001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84987642001&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-016-3216-5

DO - 10.1186/s12889-016-3216-5

M3 - Article

C2 - 27417391

AN - SCOPUS:84987642001

VL - 16

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 571

ER -