CT of posterior mediastinal masses.

Akira Kawashima, E. K. Fishman, J. E. Kuhlman, M. S. Nixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents an algorithmic approach to the evaluation of posterior mediastinal masses seen with computed tomography (CT). CT remains the study of choice, since it not only can be used to help confirm the presence of these masses, but it also helps define the (a) location and extent of the lesion, (b) adjacent organ involvement, or (c) vascular involvement. Causes of posterior mediastinal masses include esophageal lesions, congenital or acquired vascular lesions, foregut cysts, intrathoracic goiters, mediastinal pseudocysts, fat-containing tumors, adenopathy, neurogenic tumors, infectious spondylitis, and vertebral tumors. From the CT appearance of the lesion, one can often distinguish among the various masses and identify their origin and cause. This information enables patient triage and therapy to be expedited and, in most cases of posterior mediastinal masses, allows a correct diagnosis to be made solely on the basis of the CT examination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1067
Number of pages23
JournalRadiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Tomography
Blood Vessels
Substernal Goiter
Spondylitis
Neoplasms
Triage
Cysts
Fats
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

CT of posterior mediastinal masses. / Kawashima, Akira; Fishman, E. K.; Kuhlman, J. E.; Nixon, M. S.

In: Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc, Vol. 11, No. 6, 01.01.1991, p. 1045-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawashima, Akira ; Fishman, E. K. ; Kuhlman, J. E. ; Nixon, M. S. / CT of posterior mediastinal masses. In: Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc. 1991 ; Vol. 11, No. 6. pp. 1045-1067.
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