CT-019 Patient Perceptions of Palliative Care in the Process of Allogenic Stem Cell Transplantation

Megan Melody, Chimere Bruning, Rachel Mack, Kimberley Parrott, Richard Taylor, Judith Kaur, Ernesto Ayala, Mohammed Kharfan-Dabaja, Hemant Murthy, Molly Kilpatrick, Maisha Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is associated with significant sequalae that affect patients' overall quality of life (QoL). Although studies have shown improvement in patient QoL with the involvement of palliative care in the allo-HSCT process, perceptions regarding palliative care often impact referrals to palliative care. We conducted a study to examine patient perceptions of palliative care during evaluation for allo-HSCT. Objective: Primary endpoint was to assess the change in patient pre-and post-questionnaire responses. Secondary endpoint was to assess for completion of advance care planning documentation. Study Design: We conducted a prospective, single-center study, of adult patients who were referred for palliative care consultation as part of evaluation for allo-HSCT. Patients were administered a pre- and post-visit questionnaire to assess understanding and comfort level with palliative medicine. Results: We enrolled 32 patients (male = 14) patients undergoing evaluation for allo-HSCT with a primary diagnosis of AML (n=8), NHL (n=8), MDS (n=7), ALL (n=2), and other (n=7). Our study showed that the majority (56%) of patients reported a below-average (poor or fair) knowledge of palliative medicine and understanding of the reason for palliative medicine consultation. Following consultation with palliative care there was a statistically significant increase in patient understanding of reason for the appointment, p= 0.0006. There was also a significant increase in patients' knowledge of palliative care, with only 28% describing their knowledge as “good” or “excellent” prior to consultation and 79.3% after consultation, p <0.0001. There was an observed positive trend in patient comfort level with palliative medicine and likelihood to utilize palliative medicine during allo-HSCT following consultation, although not statistically significant. There was a higher rate of completion of advance care planning documentation following consultation with palliative medicine 56.3% vs 71.4%, p= 0.042. Conclusions: The majority of patients undergoing allo-HSCT report a poor understanding of palliative medicine. A palliative care consultation prior to allo-HSCT increases a patient's understanding of the role of palliative medicine in his/her allo-HSCT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S431
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • advance care planning
  • allogeneic
  • CT
  • palliative
  • stem cell transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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