Cryostatic micro-computed tomography imaging of arterial wall perfusion

Birgit Kantor, Steven M. Jorgensen, Patricia E. Lund, Michael S. Chmelik, Denise A. Reyes, Erik L. Ritman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A double-walled copper vessel, 32 cc in volume, was fabricated for scanning tissue specimens while maintained below freezing point. To keep specimen temperature within ±1 °C, temperature sensors within the chamber control, the rate of inflow of the cold nitrogen gas vented through the chamber. The specimen is attached to a small platform on top of a vertical pin which is attached to the computer-controlled rotating stage under the vessel. The purpose of this arrangement is to permit scanning of specimens up to 2 cm3 that (1) cannot be "fixed" (e.g., with formalin) because of analyses which are incompatible with prior fixation (certain immunohistochemistry and biomolecular methods), or (2) are "snap"-frozen during a transient process, such as the accumulation and/or washout of radiopaque indicators. Examples of "cryoscans" of porcine carotid and coronary artery wall opacification in either untouched or acutely stented arteries, snap-frozen immediately after selective intra-arterial injection of a contrast agent, show accumulation of contrast in the extravascular space indicating increased endothelial permeability or endothelial and medial disruption following stent placement. The detection of contrast in the adventitia suggest that vasa vasorum deliver the contrast agent from the main lumen to the adventitial extravascular space but not to the media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-190
Number of pages5
JournalScanning
Volume24
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Tomography
tomography
Scanning
Imaging techniques
Stents
Temperature sensors
arteries
Formaldehyde
Freezing
vessels
chambers
Tissue
Nitrogen
Copper
lumens
scanning
fallout
temperature sensors
Gases
melting points

Keywords

  • Coronary artery
  • Cryoscanning
  • Three-dimensional microscopic-computed tomography
  • Vasa vasorum
  • Vessel wall perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Kantor, B., Jorgensen, S. M., Lund, P. E., Chmelik, M. S., Reyes, D. A., & Ritman, E. L. (2002). Cryostatic micro-computed tomography imaging of arterial wall perfusion. Scanning, 24(4), 186-190.

Cryostatic micro-computed tomography imaging of arterial wall perfusion. / Kantor, Birgit; Jorgensen, Steven M.; Lund, Patricia E.; Chmelik, Michael S.; Reyes, Denise A.; Ritman, Erik L.

In: Scanning, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2002, p. 186-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kantor, B, Jorgensen, SM, Lund, PE, Chmelik, MS, Reyes, DA & Ritman, EL 2002, 'Cryostatic micro-computed tomography imaging of arterial wall perfusion', Scanning, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 186-190.
Kantor B, Jorgensen SM, Lund PE, Chmelik MS, Reyes DA, Ritman EL. Cryostatic micro-computed tomography imaging of arterial wall perfusion. Scanning. 2002;24(4):186-190.
Kantor, Birgit ; Jorgensen, Steven M. ; Lund, Patricia E. ; Chmelik, Michael S. ; Reyes, Denise A. ; Ritman, Erik L. / Cryostatic micro-computed tomography imaging of arterial wall perfusion. In: Scanning. 2002 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 186-190.
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