Crosslinking characteristics of an injectable poly(propylene fumarate)/β-tricalcium phosphate paste and mechanical properties of the crosslinked composite for use as a biodegradable bone cement

Susan J. Peter, Paul Kim, Alan W. Yasko, Michael J Yaszemski, Antonios G. Mikos

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172 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the crosslinking characteristics of an injectable composite paste of poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF), N-vinyl pyrrolidinone (N- VP), benzoyl peroxide (BP), sodium chloride (NaCl), and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). We examined the effects of PPF molecular weight, N- VP/PPF ratio, BP/PPF ratio, and NaCl weight percent on the crosslinking temperature, heat release upon crosslinking, gel point, and the composite compressive strength and modulus. The maximum crosslinking temperature did not vary widely among formulations, with the absolute values failing between 38°and 48°C, which was much lower than that of 94°C for poly(methyl methacrylate) bone cement controls tested under the same conditions. The total heat released upon crosslinking was decreased by an increase in PPF molecular weight and a decrease in N-VP/PPF ratio. The gel point was affected strongly by the PPF molecular weight, with a decrease in PPF molecular weight more rapidly leading to a gel point. An increase in initiator concentration had the same effect to a lesser degree. The time frame for curing was varied from 1-121 min, allowing the composite to be tailored to specific applications. The compressive strength and compressive modulus values increased with decreasing N-VP/PPF, increasing NaCl content, and increasing BP/PPF ratio. For all formulations, the compressive strength values fell between 1 and 12 MPa, and the compressive modulus values fell between 23 and 265 MPa. These data suggest that injectable PPF/β-TCP pastes can be prepared with handling characteristics appropriate for clinical orthopedic applications and that the mechanical properties of the cured composites are suitable for trabecular bone replacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-321
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 1999

Fingerprint

Bone cement
Bone Cements
Fumarates
Adhesive pastes
Ointments
Crosslinking
Propylene
Polypropylenes
Phosphates
Mechanical properties
Composite materials
Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide
Molecular weight
Compressive strength
Pyrrolidinones
Gels
tricalcium phosphate
poly(propylene fumarate)
propylene

Keywords

  • Bone tissue engineering
  • In situ polymerizable
  • Orthopedic biomaterial
  • Poly(propylene fumarate)
  • Unsaturated linear polyester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

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title = "Crosslinking characteristics of an injectable poly(propylene fumarate)/β-tricalcium phosphate paste and mechanical properties of the crosslinked composite for use as a biodegradable bone cement",
abstract = "We investigated the crosslinking characteristics of an injectable composite paste of poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF), N-vinyl pyrrolidinone (N- VP), benzoyl peroxide (BP), sodium chloride (NaCl), and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). We examined the effects of PPF molecular weight, N- VP/PPF ratio, BP/PPF ratio, and NaCl weight percent on the crosslinking temperature, heat release upon crosslinking, gel point, and the composite compressive strength and modulus. The maximum crosslinking temperature did not vary widely among formulations, with the absolute values failing between 38°and 48°C, which was much lower than that of 94°C for poly(methyl methacrylate) bone cement controls tested under the same conditions. The total heat released upon crosslinking was decreased by an increase in PPF molecular weight and a decrease in N-VP/PPF ratio. The gel point was affected strongly by the PPF molecular weight, with a decrease in PPF molecular weight more rapidly leading to a gel point. An increase in initiator concentration had the same effect to a lesser degree. The time frame for curing was varied from 1-121 min, allowing the composite to be tailored to specific applications. The compressive strength and compressive modulus values increased with decreasing N-VP/PPF, increasing NaCl content, and increasing BP/PPF ratio. For all formulations, the compressive strength values fell between 1 and 12 MPa, and the compressive modulus values fell between 23 and 265 MPa. These data suggest that injectable PPF/β-TCP pastes can be prepared with handling characteristics appropriate for clinical orthopedic applications and that the mechanical properties of the cured composites are suitable for trabecular bone replacement.",
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T1 - Crosslinking characteristics of an injectable poly(propylene fumarate)/β-tricalcium phosphate paste and mechanical properties of the crosslinked composite for use as a biodegradable bone cement

AU - Peter, Susan J.

AU - Kim, Paul

AU - Yasko, Alan W.

AU - Yaszemski, Michael J

AU - Mikos, Antonios G.

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