Crosslinguistic application of english-centric rhythm descriptors in motor speech disorders

Julie M. Liss, Rene Utianski, Kaitlin Lansford

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Rhythmic disturbances are a hallmark of motor speech disorders, in which the motor control deficits interfere with the outward flow of speech and by extension speech understanding. As the functions of rhythm are language-specific, breakdowns in rhythm should have language-specific consequences for communication. Objective: The goals of this paper are to (i) provide a review of the cognitive-linguistic role of rhythm in speech perception in a general sense and crosslinguistically; (ii) present new results of lexical segmentation challenges posed by different types of dysarthria in American English, and (iii) offer a framework for crosslinguistic considerations for speech rhythm disturbances in the diagnosis and treatment of communication disorders associated with motor speech disorders. Summary: This review presents theoretical and empirical reasons for considering speech rhythm as a critical component of communication deficits in motor speech disorders, and addresses the need for crosslinguistic research to explore language-universal versus language-specific aspects of motor speech disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-19
Number of pages17
JournalFolia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Speech Disorders
speech disorder
Language
language
Communication
Communication Disorders
deficit
Dysarthria
Speech Perception
communication disorder
Linguistics
communication
Motor Disorders
Rhythm
Motor Speech Disorders
linguistics
Research
present
Speech Rhythm

Keywords

  • Acoustic analysis
  • Dysarthria
  • Perceptual analysis
  • Speech intelligibility
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

Cite this

Crosslinguistic application of english-centric rhythm descriptors in motor speech disorders. / Liss, Julie M.; Utianski, Rene; Lansford, Kaitlin.

In: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica, Vol. 65, No. 1, 01.10.2013, p. 3-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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