Cronkhite-Canada syndrome: treatment responses and improved overall survival

Jonathan T. Pham, John B. Kisiel, Seth R Sweetser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is considered a relentlessly progressive disease with high mortality rates. Although disease understanding and treatment options have greatly improved, the prognosis from these advancements has not been well documented. This study aimed to evaluate treatment outcomes and overall survival of CCS. Methods: Seventeen patients who were diagnosed and treated over a 20-year period at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) were included. Data were abstracted, which included clinical and endoscopic manifestations, treatment course, and survival outcomes. Results: The median (interquartile range) duration of follow-up was 8.3 (3.7–15.8) years. All patients received an initial prednisone dose equivalence of 30–80 mg daily, and five patients required steroids at the time of the last follow-up. Twelve patients trialed thiopurine therapy, and ten patients continued with a thiopurine until the last follow-up. Fifteen patients achieved clinical complete remission, and eleven patients achieved endoscopic complete remission after pharmacotherapy initiation. Seven patients required gastrointestinal surgeries during their disease course. The 5-year overall survival was 93.3% (95% confidence interval (CI): 81.5–100%), and the 3-year relapse-free survival was 82.4% (95% CI: 66.1–100%). Conclusion: The prognosis and overall survival of patients with CCS have markedly improved with advancement in disease understanding and therapies. Pharmacotherapy, including corticosteroids and immunomodulators, is effective in inducing and maintaining remission, and gastrointestinal surgery is commonly needed as an adjunct for managing CCS disease complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Cronkhite-Canada
  • Immunomodulator
  • Overall survival
  • Treatment response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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