Criteria for the use of omics-based predictors in clinical trials: Explanation and elaboration

Lisa M. McShane, Margaret M. Cavenagh, Tracy G. Lively, David A. Eberhard, William L. Bigbee, P. M. Williams, Jill P. Mesirov, Mei Yin C. Polley, Kelly Y. Kim, James V. Tricoli, Jeremy M.G. Taylor, Deborah J. Shuman, Richard M. Simon, James H. Doroshow, Barbara A. Conley

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-throughput 'omics' technologies that generate molecular profiles for biospecimens have been extensively used in preclinical studies to reveal molecular subtypes and elucidate the biological mechanisms of disease, and in retrospective studies on clinical specimens to develop mathematical models to predict clinical endpoints. Nevertheless, the translation of these technologies into clinical tests that are useful for guiding management decisions for patients has been relatively slow. It can be difficult to determine when the body of evidence for an omics-based test is sufficiently comprehensive and reliable to support claims that it is ready for clinical use, or even that it is ready for definitive evaluation in a clinical trial in which it may be used to direct patient therapy. Reasons for this difficulty include the exploratory and retrospective nature of many of these studies, the complexity of these assays and their application to clinical specimens, and the many potential pitfalls inherent in the development of mathematical predictor models from the very high-dimensional data generated by these omics technologies. Here we present a checklist of criteria to consider when evaluating the body of evidence supporting the clinical use of a predictor to guide patient therapy. Included are issues pertaining to specimen and assay requirements, the soundness of the process for developing predictor models, expectations regarding clinical study design and conduct, and attention to regulatory, ethical, and legal issues. The proposed checklist should serve as a useful guide to investigators preparing proposals for studies involving the use of omics-based tests. The US National Cancer Institute plans to refer to these guidelines for review of proposals for studies involving omics tests, and it is hoped that other sponsors will adopt the checklist as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number220
JournalBMC Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2013

Keywords

  • Analytical validation
  • Biomarker
  • Diagnostic test
  • Genomic classifier
  • Model validation
  • Molecular profile
  • Omics
  • Personalized medicine
  • Precision Medicine
  • Treatment selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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