Cranial Tumor Surgical Outcomes at a High-Volume Academic Referral Center

Desmond A. Brown, Benjamin T. Himes, Brittny T. Major, Benjamin F. Mundell, Ravi Kumar, Bruce Kall, Fredric B. Meyer, Michael J. Link, Bruce E. Pollock, John D. Atkinson, Jamie Van Gompel, W. Richard Marsh, Giuseppe Lanzino, Mohamad Bydon, Ian F Parney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To determine adverse event rates for adult cranial neuro-oncologic surgeries performed at a high-volume quaternary academic center and assess the impact of resident participation on perioperative complication rates. Patients and Methods All adult patients undergoing neurosurgical intervention for an intracranial neoplastic lesion between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were included. Cases were categorized as biopsy, extra-axial/skull base, intra-axial, or transsphenoidal. Complications were categorized as neurologic, medical, wound, mortality, or none and compared for patients managed by a chief resident vs a consultant neurosurgeon. Results A total of 6277 neurosurgical procedures for intracranial neoplasms were performed. After excluding radiosurgical procedures and pediatric patients, 4151 adult patients who underwent 4423 procedures were available for analysis. Complications were infrequent, with overall rates of 9.8% (435 of 4423 procedures), 1.7% (73 of 4423), and 1.4% (63 of 4423) for neurologic, medical, and wound complications, respectively. The rate of perioperative mortality was 0.3% (14 of 4423 procedures). Case performance and management by a chief resident did not negatively impact outcome. Conclusion In our large-volume brain tumor practice, rates of complications were low, and management of cases by chief residents in a semiautonomous manner did not negatively impact surgical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Referral and Consultation
Case Management
Neoplasms
Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System
Neurosurgical Procedures
Mortality
Skull Base
Wounds and Injuries
Consultants
Pediatrics
Biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cranial Tumor Surgical Outcomes at a High-Volume Academic Referral Center. / Brown, Desmond A.; Himes, Benjamin T.; Major, Brittny T.; Mundell, Benjamin F.; Kumar, Ravi; Kall, Bruce; Meyer, Fredric B.; Link, Michael J.; Pollock, Bruce E.; Atkinson, John D.; Van Gompel, Jamie; Marsh, W. Richard; Lanzino, Giuseppe; Bydon, Mohamad; Parney, Ian F.

In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. 93, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 16-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, DA, Himes, BT, Major, BT, Mundell, BF, Kumar, R, Kall, B, Meyer, FB, Link, MJ, Pollock, BE, Atkinson, JD, Van Gompel, J, Marsh, WR, Lanzino, G, Bydon, M & Parney, IF 2018, 'Cranial Tumor Surgical Outcomes at a High-Volume Academic Referral Center', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 16-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2017.08.023
Brown, Desmond A. ; Himes, Benjamin T. ; Major, Brittny T. ; Mundell, Benjamin F. ; Kumar, Ravi ; Kall, Bruce ; Meyer, Fredric B. ; Link, Michael J. ; Pollock, Bruce E. ; Atkinson, John D. ; Van Gompel, Jamie ; Marsh, W. Richard ; Lanzino, Giuseppe ; Bydon, Mohamad ; Parney, Ian F. / Cranial Tumor Surgical Outcomes at a High-Volume Academic Referral Center. In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2018 ; Vol. 93, No. 1. pp. 16-24.
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abstract = "Objective To determine adverse event rates for adult cranial neuro-oncologic surgeries performed at a high-volume quaternary academic center and assess the impact of resident participation on perioperative complication rates. Patients and Methods All adult patients undergoing neurosurgical intervention for an intracranial neoplastic lesion between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were included. Cases were categorized as biopsy, extra-axial/skull base, intra-axial, or transsphenoidal. Complications were categorized as neurologic, medical, wound, mortality, or none and compared for patients managed by a chief resident vs a consultant neurosurgeon. Results A total of 6277 neurosurgical procedures for intracranial neoplasms were performed. After excluding radiosurgical procedures and pediatric patients, 4151 adult patients who underwent 4423 procedures were available for analysis. Complications were infrequent, with overall rates of 9.8{\%} (435 of 4423 procedures), 1.7{\%} (73 of 4423), and 1.4{\%} (63 of 4423) for neurologic, medical, and wound complications, respectively. The rate of perioperative mortality was 0.3{\%} (14 of 4423 procedures). Case performance and management by a chief resident did not negatively impact outcome. Conclusion In our large-volume brain tumor practice, rates of complications were low, and management of cases by chief residents in a semiautonomous manner did not negatively impact surgical outcomes.",
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AU - Kumar, Ravi

AU - Kall, Bruce

AU - Meyer, Fredric B.

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AU - Van Gompel, Jamie

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AU - Lanzino, Giuseppe

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AU - Parney, Ian F

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N2 - Objective To determine adverse event rates for adult cranial neuro-oncologic surgeries performed at a high-volume quaternary academic center and assess the impact of resident participation on perioperative complication rates. Patients and Methods All adult patients undergoing neurosurgical intervention for an intracranial neoplastic lesion between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were included. Cases were categorized as biopsy, extra-axial/skull base, intra-axial, or transsphenoidal. Complications were categorized as neurologic, medical, wound, mortality, or none and compared for patients managed by a chief resident vs a consultant neurosurgeon. Results A total of 6277 neurosurgical procedures for intracranial neoplasms were performed. After excluding radiosurgical procedures and pediatric patients, 4151 adult patients who underwent 4423 procedures were available for analysis. Complications were infrequent, with overall rates of 9.8% (435 of 4423 procedures), 1.7% (73 of 4423), and 1.4% (63 of 4423) for neurologic, medical, and wound complications, respectively. The rate of perioperative mortality was 0.3% (14 of 4423 procedures). Case performance and management by a chief resident did not negatively impact outcome. Conclusion In our large-volume brain tumor practice, rates of complications were low, and management of cases by chief residents in a semiautonomous manner did not negatively impact surgical outcomes.

AB - Objective To determine adverse event rates for adult cranial neuro-oncologic surgeries performed at a high-volume quaternary academic center and assess the impact of resident participation on perioperative complication rates. Patients and Methods All adult patients undergoing neurosurgical intervention for an intracranial neoplastic lesion between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were included. Cases were categorized as biopsy, extra-axial/skull base, intra-axial, or transsphenoidal. Complications were categorized as neurologic, medical, wound, mortality, or none and compared for patients managed by a chief resident vs a consultant neurosurgeon. Results A total of 6277 neurosurgical procedures for intracranial neoplasms were performed. After excluding radiosurgical procedures and pediatric patients, 4151 adult patients who underwent 4423 procedures were available for analysis. Complications were infrequent, with overall rates of 9.8% (435 of 4423 procedures), 1.7% (73 of 4423), and 1.4% (63 of 4423) for neurologic, medical, and wound complications, respectively. The rate of perioperative mortality was 0.3% (14 of 4423 procedures). Case performance and management by a chief resident did not negatively impact outcome. Conclusion In our large-volume brain tumor practice, rates of complications were low, and management of cases by chief residents in a semiautonomous manner did not negatively impact surgical outcomes.

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