Cost comparison of immediate angioplasty versus thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy for acute myocardial infarction: A randomized prospective trial

G. S. Reeder, Kent R Bailey, B. J. Gersh, D. R. Holmes, David Holmes, Raymond J Gibbons

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Abstract

Objective: Immediate angioplasty and thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy are treatment strategies for acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this study was to compare the costs of these two strategies during a 12-month period. Methods: Of 103 patients with acute myocardial infarction who sought medical assistance within 12 hours after onset of symptoms, 4 were excluded from analysis for various reasons, 51 received tissue plasminogen activator, and 48 underwent immediate angioplasty as the initial revascularization strategy. The main outcome determinants were direct monetary costs and indirect measures of costs, including duration of hospital stay and return to work. Results: No significant difference in monetary costs between the two initial treatment strategies could be demonstrated. A trend was noted toward a briefer hospital stay and fewer late in-hospital procedures for patients treated initially with immediate angioplasty. Other measures of indirect costs were not statistically different. Conclusion: The hypothesis that thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy would be more cost-effective than immediate angioplasty in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction could not be substantiated. The two strategies seem to have similar cost-effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume69
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

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Angioplasty
Myocardial Infarction
Costs and Cost Analysis
Length of Stay
Medical Assistance
Return to Work
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Conservative Treatment
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Cost comparison of immediate angioplasty versus thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy for acute myocardial infarction: A randomized prospective trial",
abstract = "Objective: Immediate angioplasty and thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy are treatment strategies for acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this study was to compare the costs of these two strategies during a 12-month period. Methods: Of 103 patients with acute myocardial infarction who sought medical assistance within 12 hours after onset of symptoms, 4 were excluded from analysis for various reasons, 51 received tissue plasminogen activator, and 48 underwent immediate angioplasty as the initial revascularization strategy. The main outcome determinants were direct monetary costs and indirect measures of costs, including duration of hospital stay and return to work. Results: No significant difference in monetary costs between the two initial treatment strategies could be demonstrated. A trend was noted toward a briefer hospital stay and fewer late in-hospital procedures for patients treated initially with immediate angioplasty. Other measures of indirect costs were not statistically different. Conclusion: The hypothesis that thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy would be more cost-effective than immediate angioplasty in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction could not be substantiated. The two strategies seem to have similar cost-effectiveness.",
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T1 - Cost comparison of immediate angioplasty versus thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy for acute myocardial infarction

T2 - A randomized prospective trial

AU - Reeder, G. S.

AU - Bailey, Kent R

AU - Gersh, B. J.

AU - Holmes, D. R.

AU - Holmes, David

AU - Gibbons, Raymond J

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Objective: Immediate angioplasty and thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy are treatment strategies for acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this study was to compare the costs of these two strategies during a 12-month period. Methods: Of 103 patients with acute myocardial infarction who sought medical assistance within 12 hours after onset of symptoms, 4 were excluded from analysis for various reasons, 51 received tissue plasminogen activator, and 48 underwent immediate angioplasty as the initial revascularization strategy. The main outcome determinants were direct monetary costs and indirect measures of costs, including duration of hospital stay and return to work. Results: No significant difference in monetary costs between the two initial treatment strategies could be demonstrated. A trend was noted toward a briefer hospital stay and fewer late in-hospital procedures for patients treated initially with immediate angioplasty. Other measures of indirect costs were not statistically different. Conclusion: The hypothesis that thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy would be more cost-effective than immediate angioplasty in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction could not be substantiated. The two strategies seem to have similar cost-effectiveness.

AB - Objective: Immediate angioplasty and thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy are treatment strategies for acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this study was to compare the costs of these two strategies during a 12-month period. Methods: Of 103 patients with acute myocardial infarction who sought medical assistance within 12 hours after onset of symptoms, 4 were excluded from analysis for various reasons, 51 received tissue plasminogen activator, and 48 underwent immediate angioplasty as the initial revascularization strategy. The main outcome determinants were direct monetary costs and indirect measures of costs, including duration of hospital stay and return to work. Results: No significant difference in monetary costs between the two initial treatment strategies could be demonstrated. A trend was noted toward a briefer hospital stay and fewer late in-hospital procedures for patients treated initially with immediate angioplasty. Other measures of indirect costs were not statistically different. Conclusion: The hypothesis that thrombolysis followed by conservative therapy would be more cost-effective than immediate angioplasty in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction could not be substantiated. The two strategies seem to have similar cost-effectiveness.

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