Correlations between epicardial flow, microvascular reperfusion, infarct size and clinical outcomes in patients with anterior versus non-anterior myocardial infarction treated with primary or rescue angioplasty: Analysis from the EMERALD trial

Eugenia Nikolsky, Gregg W. Stone, Edwin Lee, Alexandra J. Lansky, John Webb, David A. Cox, Bruce R. Brodie, Mark A. Turco, Barry D. Rutherford, Anna M. Kalynych, David Antoniucci, Mitchell W. Krucoff, Raymond J. Gibbons, Martin Fahy, Roxana Mehran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: We compared epicardial and microvascular reperfusion, infarct size, and clinical outcomes after primary and rescue PCI with and without GuardWire distal protection in patients with LAD vs. non-LAD acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In the general AMI population undergoing primary PCI, the use of GuardWire did not yield higher reperfusion success, reduced infarct size, or enhanced event-free survival. Whether GuardWire is beneficial in patients with AMI in certain territories of the coronary circulation is unknown. Methods and results: In the EMERALD trial, 501 patients with AMI were randomised to PCI with vs. without distal protection. The outcomes were analysed as a function of culprit vessel (LAD vs. non-LAD) and the use of GuardWire. Patients with LAD vs. non-LAD infarcts had significantly (P≤0.0001) lower rates of final TIMI flow grade 3 (85.2% vs. 94.4%), myocardial blush grade 3 (40.1% vs. 67.6%), and complete ST-segment resolution (35.1% vs. 79.6%). Patients with LAD infarcts also had larger infarct size (25.8±21.8% vs. 11.3-13.7%, p<0.0001) and a trend towards higher rates of 6-month mortality (5.5% vs. 2.1%, p=0.09) and new-onset severe heart failure (3.5% vs. 1.1%, p=0.08). Rates of reperfusion were not related to GuardWire use in patients with LAD infarcts. In patients with non-LAD infarcts, the use of GuardWire was associated with a trend towards better epicardial and microvascular reperfusion. Conclusions: Myocardial infarction in the territory of the LAD is associated with worse epicardial and microvascular reperfusion and worse 6-month clinical outcomes. Use of the GuardWire showed a trend towards better epicardial and microvascular flow in patients with a non-LAD infarct-related artery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-424
Number of pages8
JournalEuroIntervention
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Distal protection
  • GuardWire
  • Left anterior descending
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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