Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors

Melissa A. Little, Robert C. Klesges, Zoran Bursac, Jennifer P. Halbert, Jon Owen Ebbert, Gerald W. Talcott, Benny Weksler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the characteristics associated with cancer survivors which indicate continued cigarette smoking at or around the time of cancer diagnosis. Methods: A total of 631 survivors were recruited in four cancer centers in Memphis, TN, between March 2015 and June 2016. To increase the probability of accurate reporting, surveys were conducted anonymously. A total of 112 respondents reported they were current smokers and 202 reported they were former smokers (n = 314), who comprised the sample. Results: We found that the rate of daily e-cigarette use among cancer survivors who smoked was 15.2% versus 3.9% in cancer survivors who no longer smoked. The national rate of adult e-cigarette use is 3.5%. Multivariate models correlated the characteristics of current versus former smokers and revealed that increasing age (aOR = 0.97, p <.0001), decreasing education (aOR = 2.39, p <.02), and current use of e-cigarettes (aOR = 3.74, p <.00045) were frequently associated with current cigarette smoking. Conclusions: While age and gender were associated with continued smoking, current use of e-cigarettes was associated with almost four times higher odds of being a current smoker. Further research is needed to determine if use of e-cigarettes deters or promotes the smoking cessation process, at least in cancer survivors. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Among cancer survivors who continue to smoke after a cancer diagnosis, use of e-cigarettes is highly prevalent; research is needed to determine whether use of e-cigarettes promotes, has no effect, or hinders smoking cessation efforts among this vulnerable population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)828-834
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Smoking
Tobacco Products
Survivors
Neoplasms
Smoking Cessation
Vulnerable Populations
Research
Smoke
Education

Keywords

  • Cancer survivors who smoke
  • e-cigarettes
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

Cite this

Little, M. A., Klesges, R. C., Bursac, Z., Halbert, J. P., Ebbert, J. O., Talcott, G. W., & Weksler, B. (2018). Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 12(6), 828-834. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11764-018-0720-x

Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors. / Little, Melissa A.; Klesges, Robert C.; Bursac, Zoran; Halbert, Jennifer P.; Ebbert, Jon Owen; Talcott, Gerald W.; Weksler, Benny.

In: Journal of Cancer Survivorship, Vol. 12, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 828-834.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Little, MA, Klesges, RC, Bursac, Z, Halbert, JP, Ebbert, JO, Talcott, GW & Weksler, B 2018, 'Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors', Journal of Cancer Survivorship, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 828-834. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11764-018-0720-x
Little MA, Klesges RC, Bursac Z, Halbert JP, Ebbert JO, Talcott GW et al. Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors. Journal of Cancer Survivorship. 2018 Dec 1;12(6):828-834. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11764-018-0720-x
Little, Melissa A. ; Klesges, Robert C. ; Bursac, Zoran ; Halbert, Jennifer P. ; Ebbert, Jon Owen ; Talcott, Gerald W. ; Weksler, Benny. / Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors. In: Journal of Cancer Survivorship. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 828-834.
@article{11a1abd157a0415ba10d9293f7ac729e,
title = "Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors",
abstract = "Purpose: To determine the characteristics associated with cancer survivors which indicate continued cigarette smoking at or around the time of cancer diagnosis. Methods: A total of 631 survivors were recruited in four cancer centers in Memphis, TN, between March 2015 and June 2016. To increase the probability of accurate reporting, surveys were conducted anonymously. A total of 112 respondents reported they were current smokers and 202 reported they were former smokers (n = 314), who comprised the sample. Results: We found that the rate of daily e-cigarette use among cancer survivors who smoked was 15.2{\%} versus 3.9{\%} in cancer survivors who no longer smoked. The national rate of adult e-cigarette use is 3.5{\%}. Multivariate models correlated the characteristics of current versus former smokers and revealed that increasing age (aOR = 0.97, p <.0001), decreasing education (aOR = 2.39, p <.02), and current use of e-cigarettes (aOR = 3.74, p <.00045) were frequently associated with current cigarette smoking. Conclusions: While age and gender were associated with continued smoking, current use of e-cigarettes was associated with almost four times higher odds of being a current smoker. Further research is needed to determine if use of e-cigarettes deters or promotes the smoking cessation process, at least in cancer survivors. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Among cancer survivors who continue to smoke after a cancer diagnosis, use of e-cigarettes is highly prevalent; research is needed to determine whether use of e-cigarettes promotes, has no effect, or hinders smoking cessation efforts among this vulnerable population.",
keywords = "Cancer survivors who smoke, e-cigarettes, Smoking cessation, Tobacco use",
author = "Little, {Melissa A.} and Klesges, {Robert C.} and Zoran Bursac and Halbert, {Jennifer P.} and Ebbert, {Jon Owen} and Talcott, {Gerald W.} and Benny Weksler",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11764-018-0720-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "828--834",
journal = "Journal of Cancer Survivorship",
issn = "1932-2259",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors

AU - Little, Melissa A.

AU - Klesges, Robert C.

AU - Bursac, Zoran

AU - Halbert, Jennifer P.

AU - Ebbert, Jon Owen

AU - Talcott, Gerald W.

AU - Weksler, Benny

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Purpose: To determine the characteristics associated with cancer survivors which indicate continued cigarette smoking at or around the time of cancer diagnosis. Methods: A total of 631 survivors were recruited in four cancer centers in Memphis, TN, between March 2015 and June 2016. To increase the probability of accurate reporting, surveys were conducted anonymously. A total of 112 respondents reported they were current smokers and 202 reported they were former smokers (n = 314), who comprised the sample. Results: We found that the rate of daily e-cigarette use among cancer survivors who smoked was 15.2% versus 3.9% in cancer survivors who no longer smoked. The national rate of adult e-cigarette use is 3.5%. Multivariate models correlated the characteristics of current versus former smokers and revealed that increasing age (aOR = 0.97, p <.0001), decreasing education (aOR = 2.39, p <.02), and current use of e-cigarettes (aOR = 3.74, p <.00045) were frequently associated with current cigarette smoking. Conclusions: While age and gender were associated with continued smoking, current use of e-cigarettes was associated with almost four times higher odds of being a current smoker. Further research is needed to determine if use of e-cigarettes deters or promotes the smoking cessation process, at least in cancer survivors. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Among cancer survivors who continue to smoke after a cancer diagnosis, use of e-cigarettes is highly prevalent; research is needed to determine whether use of e-cigarettes promotes, has no effect, or hinders smoking cessation efforts among this vulnerable population.

AB - Purpose: To determine the characteristics associated with cancer survivors which indicate continued cigarette smoking at or around the time of cancer diagnosis. Methods: A total of 631 survivors were recruited in four cancer centers in Memphis, TN, between March 2015 and June 2016. To increase the probability of accurate reporting, surveys were conducted anonymously. A total of 112 respondents reported they were current smokers and 202 reported they were former smokers (n = 314), who comprised the sample. Results: We found that the rate of daily e-cigarette use among cancer survivors who smoked was 15.2% versus 3.9% in cancer survivors who no longer smoked. The national rate of adult e-cigarette use is 3.5%. Multivariate models correlated the characteristics of current versus former smokers and revealed that increasing age (aOR = 0.97, p <.0001), decreasing education (aOR = 2.39, p <.02), and current use of e-cigarettes (aOR = 3.74, p <.00045) were frequently associated with current cigarette smoking. Conclusions: While age and gender were associated with continued smoking, current use of e-cigarettes was associated with almost four times higher odds of being a current smoker. Further research is needed to determine if use of e-cigarettes deters or promotes the smoking cessation process, at least in cancer survivors. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Among cancer survivors who continue to smoke after a cancer diagnosis, use of e-cigarettes is highly prevalent; research is needed to determine whether use of e-cigarettes promotes, has no effect, or hinders smoking cessation efforts among this vulnerable population.

KW - Cancer survivors who smoke

KW - e-cigarettes

KW - Smoking cessation

KW - Tobacco use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055686689&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055686689&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11764-018-0720-x

DO - 10.1007/s11764-018-0720-x

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 828

EP - 834

JO - Journal of Cancer Survivorship

JF - Journal of Cancer Survivorship

SN - 1932-2259

IS - 6

ER -