Objective. This study assessed the frequency of perforation with excimer coronary angioplasty. Background. Coronary artery perforation after conventional percutaneous trasluminal coronary angioplasty is extremely rare. Because laser coronary angioplasty involves actual tissue ablation, it has an Increased potential for perforation. Methods. All patients in the Excimer Laser Coronary Angioplasty Registry were included in this prospective study. Those who had a perforation related to the procedure were compared with those who did not have this complication. Results. Of 2,759 consecutive patients in the Excimer Laser Coronary Angioplasty Registry, 36 (1.3%) had perforation. In these patients, the left anterior descending coronary artery was the most frequently treated vessel (53%). There were no differences in fiber sizes between patients with and those without perforation. Among the patients with perforation, 36.1% required coronary artery bypass surgery, 16.7% experienced an infarction and 5.6% had a fatal outcome. Among the patients without perforation, the rates were 3.1%, 3.8% and 0.6%, respectively. However, 41.7% of the patients with documented coronary artery perforation did not need coronary artery bypass surgery or experience myocardial infarction or death. No angiographic characteristics distinguished lesions with from those without perforation. The frequency of coronary artery perforation declined over time with increasing operator experience, from 1.6% in the first 1,888 patients to only 0.4% in the last 1,000 patients (p = 0.002). Conclusions. With increasing operator experience, the rate of perforation with excimer laser coronary angioplasty has decreased. When perforation occurs, subsequent event rates increase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine