Coronary interventions before liver transplantation: Might not avert postoperative cardiovascular events

David F. Snipelisky, Chad McRee, Kristina Seeger, Michael Levy, Brian P. Shapiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting may be performed before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) to try to improve the condition of patients who have severe ischemic heart disease. However, data supporting improved outcomes are lacking. We reviewed the medical records of 2,010 patients who underwent OLT at our hospital from 2000 through 2010. The 51 patients who underwent coronary artery angiography within 6 months of transplantation were included in this study: 28 had mild coronary artery disease, 10 had moderate disease, and 13 had severe disease. We compared all-cause and cardiac-cause mortality rates. We found a significant difference in cardiac deaths between the groups (P <0.001), but none in all-cause death (P=0.624). Of the 10 patients who had moderate coronary artery disease, one underwent pre-transplant coronary artery bypass grafting. Of 13 patients with severe disease, 3 underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, and 6 underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Overall, 50% of patients who underwent either intervention died of cardiac-related causes, whereas no patient died of a cardiac-related cause after undergoing neither intervention (P <0.0001). We conclude that, despite coronary intervention, mortality rates remain high in OLT patients who have severe coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-442
Number of pages5
JournalTexas Heart Institute Journal
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease/complications/physiopathology
  • Decision support techniques
  • Liver transplantation
  • Patient selection
  • Predictive value of tests
  • Retrospective studies
  • Risk factors
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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