Coronary endothelial function in cardiac transplant recipients with accelerated coronary disease

S. S. Kushwaha, M. Bustami, D. A. Lythall, M. Barbir, A. G. Mitchell, M. H. Yacoub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous studies with the endothelium-dependent vasodilator substance P have shown a preserved vasodilator response in cardiac transplant recipients with angiographically normal coronary arteries. Although endothelial dysfunction is known to occur in cardiac transplant recipients with accelerated coronary disease, the degree to which the endothelium is affected is not known precisely. The aim of the present study was to examine endothelial function in accelerated coronary disease following cardiac transplantation. Methods: Thirteen cardiac transplant recipients with epicardial coronary disease underwent substance P infusion. The response to incremental doses of substance P was measured in smooth segments of affected coronary arteries. Substance P was infused over 2 min with a starting dose of 1.4 pmol/min and a maximum of 22.4 pmol/min, reached by doubling the dose in steps, followed by an infusion of 2 mg isosorbide dinitrate over 2 min. Results: Substance P caused less vasodilation at lower concentrations, with a significantly higher dose required to achieve half maximal dilation compared with cardiac transplant recipients with no coronary disease. The mean maximal dilation achieved with substance P was 22.98±4.62% compared to 21.95±4.9% with isosorbide dinitrate; the latter value was not significantly different from the maximal dilation achieved in cardiac transplant recipients without coronary disease. Conclusions: In cardiac transplant recipients with accelerated coronary disease the functional vasodilatory ability of the coronary endothelium is impaired in segments of apparently unaffected epicardial arteries, which may lead to an increase in the resting vasoconstrictor tone and have important functional and therapeutic implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • accelerated coronary disease
  • cardiac transplantation
  • endothelial function
  • substance P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Kushwaha, S. S., Bustami, M., Lythall, D. A., Barbir, M., Mitchell, A. G., & Yacoub, M. H. (1994). Coronary endothelial function in cardiac transplant recipients with accelerated coronary disease. Coronary Artery Disease, 5(2), 147-154. https://doi.org/10.1097/00019501-199402000-00008