Coronary artery endothelial dysfunction is positively correlated with low density lipoprotein and inversely correlated with high density lipoprotein subclass particles measured by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Monique A. Ford, Joseph P. McConnell, Shahar Lavi, Charanjit S. Rihal, Abhiram Prasad, Gurpreet S. Sandhu, Stacy J. Hartman, Lilach O Lerman, Amir Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


Objective: The association between cholesterol and endothelial dysfunction remains controversial. We tested the hypothesis that lipoprotein subclasses are associated with coronary endothelial dysfunction. Methods and results: Coronary endothelial function was assessed in 490 patients between November 1993 and February 2007. Fasting lipids and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) lipoprotein particle subclasses were measured. There were 325 females and 165 males with a mean age of 49.8 ± 11.6 years. Coronary endothelial dysfunction (epicardial constriction > 20% or increase in coronary blood flow < 50% in response to intracoronary acetylcholine) was diagnosed in 273 patients, the majority of whom (64.5%) had microvascular dysfunction. Total cholesterol and LDL-C (low density lipoprotein cholesterol) were not associated with endothelial dysfunction. One-way analysis and multivariate methods adjusting for age, gender, diabetes, hypertension and lipid-lowering agent use were used to determine the correlation between lipoprotein subclasses and coronary endothelial dysfunction. Epicardial endothelial dysfunction was significantly correlated with total (p = 0.03) and small LDLp (LDL particles) (p < 0.01) and inversely correlated with total and large HDLp (high density lipoprotein particles) (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Epicardial, but not microvascular, coronary endothelial dysfunction was associated directly with LDL particles and inversely with HDL particles, suggesting location-dependent impact of lipoprotein particles on the coronary circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-115
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2009



  • Atherosclerosis
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Lipoprotein particles
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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