Corneal haze determined by confocal microscopy 2 years after descemet stripping with endothelial keratoplasty for fuchs corneal dystrophy

Keith H. Baratz, Jay W. McLaren, Leo J. Maguire, Sanjay V. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To quantify corneal light scatter and its relationship to vision after Descemet stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). Methods: Eyes with Fuchs corneal dystrophy were examined before and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after DSEK. Outcome measures were high- and low-contrast visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and forward light scatter. Corneal reflectivity (backscatter), expressed in scatter units (SU), was quantified using in vivo confocal microscopy. Results: Comparing 49 study eyes with 35 normal eyes, the mean (SD) corneal subepithelial layer was more reflective than normal before (2325[613] vs 1208[287] SU, P < .001) and through 24 months after DSEK (1760[432] SU, P < .001). Interface reflectivity remained higher than in normal stroma through 24 months (1228[287] vs 827 [188] SU, P < .001). At 1 year, forward light scatter correlated with subepithelial reflectivity (r = 0.28, P = .01) but not interface reflectivity. Recipient age was correlated with improvement in subepithelial reflectivity at 12 months (r = -0.41, P = .01, 34 eyes) and 24 months (r = -0.36, P = .02, 26 eyes) after DSEK, and the improvement of sub-epithelial haze in eyes of participants aged 62 years or younger was correlated with improvement in forward light scatter at 12 months (r = 0.52, P = .008) and 24 months (r = 0.62, P = .004). Conclusions: In Fuchs corneal dystrophy, the corneal subepithelial region is a more important source of forward light scatter than the DSEK interface. Subepithelial haze improves more in younger patients and is associated with improvement in forward light scatter. Clinical Relevance: Visual function after DSEK is affected by residual haze in the anterior host cornea more so than the surgical interface. Haze, which likely is experienced as glare disability, improves after surgical intervention but improves more in younger patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)868-874
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Volume130
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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