Conversion of left atrial volume to diameter for automated estimation of sudden cardiac death risk in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Huzefa Bhopalwala, Nakeya Dewaswala, Sijia Liu, Christopher G. Scott, James M. Welper, Oluwatoyin Akinnusotu, Johan Martijn Bos, Steve R. Ommen, Michael J. Ackerman, Patricia A. Pellikka, Jeffrey B. Geske, Peter Noseworthy, Adelaide M. Arruda-Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A subset of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Practice guidelines endorse use of a risk calculator, which requires entry of left atrial (LA) diameter. However, American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) guidelines recommend the use of LA volume index (LAVI) for routine quantification of LA size. The aims of this study were to (a) develop a model to estimate LA diameter from LAVI and (b) evaluate whether substitution of measured LA diameter by estimated LA diameter derived from LAVI reclassifies HCM-SCD risk. Methods: The study cohort was comprised of 500 randomly selected HCM patients who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). LA diameter and LAVI were measured offline using digital clips from TTE. Linear regression models were developed to estimate LA diameter from LAVI. A European Society of Cardiology endorsed equation estimated SCD risk, which was measured using LA diameter and estimated LA diameter derived from LAVI. Results: The mean LAVI was 48.5 ± 18.8 mL/m2. The derived LA diameter was 45.1 mm (SD: 5.5 mm), similar to the measured LA diameter (45.1 mm, SD: 7.1 mm). Median SCD risk at 5 years estimated by measured LA diameter was 2.22% (interquartile range (IQR): 1.39, 3.56), while median risk calculated by estimated LA diameter was 2.18% (IQR: 1.44, 3.52). 476/500 (95%) patients maintained the same risk classification regardless of whether the measured or estimated LA diameter was used. Conclusions: Substitution of measured LA diameter by estimated LA diameter in the HCM-SCD calculator did not reclassify risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEchocardiography
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • left atrial diameter
  • left atrial volume index
  • sudden cardiac death risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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