Convection enhanced delivery of EGFR targeting antibody-drug conjugates Serclutamab talirine and Depatux-M in glioblastoma patient-derived xenografts

Kendra A. Porath, Michael S. Regan, Jessica I. Griffith, Sonia Jain, Sylwia A. Stopka, Danielle M. Burgenske, Katrina K. Bakken, Brett L. Carlson, Paul A. Decker, Rachael A. Vaubel, Sonja Dragojevic, Ann C. Mladek, Margaret A. Connors, Zeng Hu, Lihong He, Gaspar J. Kitange, Shiv K. Gupta, Thomas M. Feldsien, Didier R. Lefebvre, Nathalie Y.R. AgarJeanette E. Eckel-Passow, Edward B. Reilly, William F. Elmquist, Jann N. Sarkaria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: EGFR targeting antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are highly effective against EGFR-amplified tumors, but poor distribution across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) limits their efficacy in glioblastoma (GBM) when administered systemically. We studied whether convection-enhanced delivery (CED) can be used to safely infuse ADCs into orthotopic patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of EGFRvIII mutant GBM. Methods: The efficacy of the EGFR-targeted ADCs depatuxizumab mafodotin (Depatux-M) and Serclutamab talirine (Ser-T) was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. CED was performed in nontumor and tumor-bearing mice. Immunostaining was used to evaluate ADC distribution, pharmacodynamic effects, and normal cell toxicity. Results: Dose-finding studies in orthotopic GBM6 identified single infusion of 2 μg Ser-T and 60 μg Depatux-M as safe and effective associated with extended survival prolongation (>300 days and 95 days, respectively). However, with serial infusions every 21 days, four Ser-T doses controlled tumor growth but was associated with lethal toxicity approximately 7 days after the final infusion. Limiting dosing to two infusions in GBM108 provided profound median survival extension of over 200 days. In contrast, four Depatux-M CED doses were well tolerated and significantly extended survival in both GBM6 (158 days) and GBM108 (310 days). In a toxicity analysis, Ser-T resulted in a profound loss in NeuN+ cells and markedly elevated GFAP staining, while Depatux-M was associated only with modest elevation in GFAP staining. Conclusion: CED of Depatux-M is well tolerated and results in extended survival in orthotopic GBM PDXs. In contrast, CED of Ser-T was associated with a much narrower therapeutic window.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbervdac130
JournalNeuro-Oncology Advances
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • antibody-drug conjugate
  • convection-enhanced delivery
  • Depatux-M
  • glioblastoma
  • Serclutamab talirine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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