Contribution of Intraoperative Enteroscopy in the Management of Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Michael L. Kendrick, Navtej Singh Buttar, Marlys A. Anderson, Lori S. Lutzke, Daniela Peia, Kenneth Ke Ning Wang, Michael G. Sarr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding remains a significant diagnostic challenge. Our aims were (1) to determine the efficacy of intraoperative enteroscopy (IOE) in identifying lesions responsible for obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and (2) to determine the outcome of patients after treatment of these lesions. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent IOE for obscure gastrointestinal bleeding from 1992 to 1998. Patients were divided into those with overt and those with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. Follow-up was complete in 67 patients (96%), with a median of 32 months (range 1 to 91 months). Seventy patients (52 overt and 18 occult) underwent IOE after extensive preaperative evaluation. Medianduration of bleeding was 12 months, requiring a median of 14 blood transfusions. Risk factors for bleeding were identified in 46 patients (61 %). A lesion was identified and treated in 52 patients (74%) - 39 in the overt group and 13 in the occult group. Lesions identified were vascular (54%), ulcerations (31%), tumors (11%), and small bowel diverticula (4%). Overall, 35 patients (52%) were found to have one or more lesions at IOE that were treated surgically and had no further bleeding. IOE, through a mid-small bowel enterotomy, has low morbidity and is effective in that it identified a treatable lesion in 74% of patients, which led to cure of bleeding in 52%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2001

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Hemorrhage
Diverticulum
Blood Transfusion
Blood Vessels
Morbidity
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Endoscopy
  • Enteroscopy
  • Intraoperative
  • Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Contribution of Intraoperative Enteroscopy in the Management of Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding. / Kendrick, Michael L.; Buttar, Navtej Singh; Anderson, Marlys A.; Lutzke, Lori S.; Peia, Daniela; Wang, Kenneth Ke Ning; Sarr, Michael G.

In: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Vol. 5, No. 2, 03.2001, p. 162-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kendrick, Michael L. ; Buttar, Navtej Singh ; Anderson, Marlys A. ; Lutzke, Lori S. ; Peia, Daniela ; Wang, Kenneth Ke Ning ; Sarr, Michael G. / Contribution of Intraoperative Enteroscopy in the Management of Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding. In: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 2001 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 162-167.
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