Contemporary Surgical Management of Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

Salomon Cohen-Cohen, Kristen M. Scheitler, Garret Choby, Jeffrey Janus, Eric J. Moore, Jan L. Kasperbauer, Harry J. Cloft, Michael Link, Jamie Van Gompel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas (JNAs) are uncommon tumors with an evolving treatment paradigm. The objective of this study was to compare our prior experience reported in 2005 with our most contemporary series to compare practice improvements and the impact of expanded endonasal procedures. Design: Retrospective review comparing a contemporary 22 patients with JNA who underwent surgical management between 2005 and 2019, compared with a historical cohort of 65 patients from the same center. Results: The most common presenting symptom was epistaxis (68%). The median maximum tumor diameter was 4.4 cm. All patients underwent preoperative embolization. An endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) was used in 18 patients (82%), compared with 9% in the series prior to 2005. Gross total resection was achieved in all patients. The median estimated blood loss was 175 and 350 mL for EEA and open (transfacial) cases, respectively. Only two patients (9%) required a blood transfusion compared with 52% on the previous series. The median follow-up was 19 months. The overall recurrence rate was 9% in this series and 24% in the previous series. No patient required radiation therapy in follow-up compared with 3% in our historical cohort. Conclusion: There have been significant changes regarding the management of patients with JNA compared with the previous Mayo Clinic experience. The EEA has become the preferred route over the transfacial approaches to treat JNA in selected patients who do not have intracranial extension. Preoperative embolization has aided in reducing the postoperative transfusion rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E266-E273
JournalJournal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
Volume83
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • embolization
  • endoscopic
  • epistaxis
  • juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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