Contact sensitivities in palmar plantar pustulosis (acropustulosis)

James A. Yiannias, R. K. Winkelmann, Suzanne M. Connolly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acropustulosis, or chronic palmar plantar pustulosis (PPP), is a phenomenon of recurrent sterile pustules, erythema, and scaling affecting the palms and soles. Its pathogenesis is unclear, and it is difficult to treat. The purpose of this study was to elucidate further the factors involved in causing PPP, thereby enhancing the ability to manage this disease. All cases of PPP seen at Mayo Clinic Scottsdale from 1987 to 1993 were reviewed. 21 patients with PPP were identified, 15 of whom had been patch tested. 9 of the 15 patients (60%) showed positive patch test results. Fragrance was the most common sensitivity, but nickel, formaldehyde, para-phenylenediamine, thiuram, neomycin, mercury, balsam of Peru, and cinnamic aldehyde sensitivities were demonstrated. Less important factors included atopy fungal and bacterial infections, and irritation. Although the mechanism of this sterile pustulosis response does not depend solely on delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms, we believe that we have demonstrated such a large number of positive patch tests in this chronic pustular dermatosis that patch testing should be considered in the routine work-up of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-111
Number of pages4
JournalContact Dermatitis
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 1998

Keywords

  • Acropustulosis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Fragrance
  • Palmar plantar pustulosis
  • Para-phenylenediamine
  • Psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Dermatology

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