Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are heterogeneous disorders. Clinical, electrophysiologic, and morphologic studies have paved the way for detecting CMS-related mutations in proteins residing in the nerve terminal, the synaptic basal lamina, and in the postsynaptic region of the motor endplate. The disease proteins identified to date include choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), the endplate species of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), β2-laminin, the acetylcholine receptor (AChR), rapsyn, plectin, and Nav1.4. Other mutations occur in proteins subserving endplate development and maintenance, namely agrin, MuSK, and Dok-7; and in proteins that subserve glycosylation, such as GFPT1, DPAGT1, ALG2 and ALG14. Myasthenic syndromes can also occur in combination with centronuclear myopathy defects in plectin. Analysis of the properties of the expressed mutants contributed to finding improved therapy for most CMS. Despite these advances, the molecular basis of some phenotypically characterized CMS remains elusive. Moreover, other types of CMS likely exist and await discovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRosenberg's Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease: Fifth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1191-1208
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780124105294, 9780124105492
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2014

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine receptor
  • Agrin
  • Choline acetyltransferase
  • ColQ
  • Congenital defects of glycosylation
  • Congenital myasthenic syndrome
  • Dok-7
  • Fetal akinesia syndrome
  • GFPT1
  • MuSK
  • Neuromuscular junction
  • Plectin
  • Rapsyn
  • β2-laminin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Engel, A. G. (2014). Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes. In Rosenberg's Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease: Fifth Edition (pp. 1191-1208). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-410529-4.00099-1