Congenital hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, cataract, mitochondrial myopathy and defective oxidative phosphorylation in two siblings with Sengers-like syndrome

Eva Morava-Kozicz, Rob Sengers, Henk Ter Laak, Lambert Van Den Heuvel, Antoon Janssen, Frans Trijbels, Hans Cruysberg, Carolien Boelen, Jan Smeitink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


We describe two siblings with a Sengers-like syndrome, who presented with congenital hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, infantile cataract, mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and normal mental development. A mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocator 1 (ANT1) defect was detected since the ANT1 protein was not detectable by immmunoblotting in muscle samples of the patients. Additionally to these features of classical Sengers syndrome (OMIM 212350), we found that the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, measured by biochemical analysis, was severely compromised in skeletal muscle in both children. Biochemical and morphological analysis of the fibroblasts revealed normal results. The association of significantly decreased pyruvate oxidation rates, deficient energy production and decreased multiple mitochondrial enzyme-complex activities in the muscle samples of our patients is a new finding which differs from previous results in patients with Sengers syndrome. Conclusion: We recommend a muscle biopsy and the biochemical analysis of the oxidative phosphorylation system in patients with muscle hypotonia, cardiomyopathy and congenital or infantile cataract.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-471
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes



  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cataract
  • Mitochondrial myopathy
  • Mitochondrial oxidation rates
  • Sengers syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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