Conducting psychological research in medical settings: Challenges, limitations, and recommendations for effectiveness research

Steven M. Schwartz, Peter C. Trask, Kalpana Shanmugham, Cynthia Oswald Townsend

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Efficacy research is insufficient and ineffective in changing practice, despite a large supporting psychotherapy efficacy literature. Concurrently, demand for supporting data and the burden on everyday practice for generating these data is increasing. The disconnect between efficacy and effectiveness is due to a lack of conceptual and methodological tools for testing efficacious procedures in real-world settings, particularly medical contexts. This article articulates the position that effectiveness studies pose more complex questions that require an alteration of conceptual and methodological frames of reference in order to make behavioral services available to the broadest patient base.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-508
Number of pages9
JournalProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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