Delayed gastric emptying may result from diverse pathophysiological mechanisms including antral hypomotility and pylorospasm. With increasing use of gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy and preliminary evidence of efficacy, our aim was to assess the motor functions of the distal antrum and pylorus in patients with symptoms of gastroparesis using high-resolution antropyloroduodenal manometry (HR-ADM). Sixteen patients with symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis underwent HR-ADM with 13 sensors, 1 cm apart, placed across the antropyloroduodenal (APD) junction and 2 sensors, 10 cm apart, in descending and distal duodenum. The 1-h postprandial motility was quantitated as contraction frequency/minute, average amplitude, and motility index (MI). Six healthy volunteers served as controls. In the patient group, the HR-ADM identified postprandial antral hypomotility, isolated pyloric pressure waves, and tonic elevation of baseline pressure in pylorus. Patients had significantly reduced frequency of the full-hour postprandial antral contractions/minute compared with healthy volunteers [1.52 (0.97, 1.67) vs. 2.04 (1.70, 2.67), P = 0.005], as well as reduced MI [9.65 (8.29, 10.31) vs. 11.04 (10.65, 11.63), P = 0.002]. The average contraction amplitude was numerically, but not significantly reduced [51.9 (21.9, 74.9) vs. 73.0 (59.8, 82.7), P = 0.14]. Bland-Altman plots showed similar distribution of antral contraction frequency and MI during the first and second postprandial 30-min periods for both patients and controls. High-resolution ADM can characterize a variety of postprandial antral contractile and pyloric motility dysfunctions. This technique shows promise to provide guidance for the selection of optimal treatment of patients with gastroparesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - Sep 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)