Protein kinase C appears to play an important, yet complex role in the supramaximal inhibition of pancreatic acinar cell secretion observed in response to cholecystokinin (CCK). The addition of protein kinase C activation to the concentration-response curve of a partial agonist acting at the CCK receptor (a phenethyl ester analogue of CCK), transforms a curve without supramaximal inhibition to a full agonist curve typical of CCK. This effect can be elicited by low concentrations of phorbol ester (50pM to 1nM 120-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate) or by hormonal agonists (0.1μM carbamylcholine, 10pM bombesin, 1pM CCK-8) which activate protein kinase C, but not by agonists acting via alternate second messengers (VIP). Of interest, this effect is dependent on preincubation of the acinar cells with the protein kinase C activator at 37°C, with the effect rapidly reversed by transient exposure of the cells to lower temperature. This is consistent with mediation by a phosphorylation event. However, the requirement for an extended (>15 min) preincubation period when using minimal kinase activation suggests that this phenomenon is more complicated than a simple bimolecular phosphorylation event and likely includes a series of events such as translocation of substrates and/or enzymes involved.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Aug 31 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology