ALG12-congenital disorder of glycosylation (ALG12-CDG) is a rare disorder caused by a deficiency of dolichol-P-mannose:Man7GlcNAc2-PP-dolichyl-α-6-mannosyltransferase which presents with intellectual disability, hypotonia, dysmorphic features, low IgG levels with recurrent infections, male genital hypoplasia, and coagulation abnormalities. We report a unique family with three affected individuals, including two older brothers with only cognitive and coagulation defects and a younger brother who died from a severe multisystem disease at age 18 months. The two living brothers are the oldest and mildest cases of ALG12-CDG described thus far. Whole exome sequencing of the older brothers revealed a previously described c.1001delA (p.N334TfsX15) pathogenic variant and a c.671C > T (p.T224 M) variant of uncertain significance in ALG12. Our cases broaden the recognized genetic and phenotypic spectrum of this disorder and suggest a role for other genetic and environmental factors in modulating disease phenotype.
- Congenital disorder of glycosylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology