Most orthopedic studies involve survival analysis examining the time to an event of interest, such as a specific complication or revision surgery. Competing risks commonly arise in such studies when patients are at risk of more than one mutually exclusive event, such as death, or when the rate of an event depends on the rates of other competing events. In this article, we briefly describe the survival analysis censoring methodology, common fatal and nonfatal competing events, and define circumstances where standard survival analysis can fail in the setting of competing risks with real-world examples from orthopedics.
- competing risk
- survival analysis
- total joint arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine