Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the Vickers physiolysis procedure with osteotomy for correction of digital clinodactyly and determine which method provides better correction at final follow-up or whether the patient’s age, preoperative angulation, or presence of syndactyly affects final outcomes. Methods: All patients of skeletal immaturity who underwent surgical correction of clinodactyly were evaluated with clinical examination and radiographs to determine the percentage and absolute change in the degree of clinodactyly pre- versus postoperatively, in addition to stratification based on the degree of deformity, age, and presence of syndactyly. Results: Vickers’ physiolysis and osteotomy were undertaken in 30 and 11 digits, respectively. The angulation significantly improved from 43.0° to 23.9°, with a 46.2% correction of deformity in the Vickers group at 46.3 months. The angulation decreased from 39.2° to 22.4° in the osteotomy group, with a 55.3% correction of deformity at 55.3 months. There was better correction in those with isolated clinodactyly compared with those with concomitant syndactyly and better percentage of correction in patients with lesser deformity in the Vickers group. There were more reoperations in the osteotomy group. Conclusions: The use of osteotomy may lead to more revision cases, whereas the Vickers procedure has minimal complications and need for revision. The Vickers physiolysis procedure is more effective in those with angulation <55°.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine