Engineering of a variety of rodent tumour cells to secrete either interleukin 2 (IL-2), or interleukin 4 (IL-4), has been demonstrated to reduce their tumorigenicity. However the mechanisms of action of secreted IL-2 and IL-4 have not been compared in a single rodent tumour. Here we demonstrate that the weakly immunogenic murine fibrosarcoma FS29 had reduced growth rate and in some cases was rejected by syngeneic animals, when modified to secrete either IL-2 or IL-4, but not IL-5. Immunohistochemical analysis of tumour nodules undergoing regression showed stimulation of a largely lymphocytic infiltrate by IL-2 and a macrophage and granulocyte infiltrate, with a small number of lymphocytes by IL-4. Indeed, secretion of low levels of IL-2 and IL-4 in combination resulted in optimal rejection, suggesting that the two cytokines might mobilise different and complementary effector cell mechanisms. Both IL-2 and IL-4-secreting cells failed to induce the rejection of admixed, unmodified FS29 cells. The loss of cytokine secreting cells from such admixtures occurred more rapidly for IL-2-secreting cells. Injection of IL-4-secreting, but not IL-2-secreting FS29 cells could protect mice from a delayed challenge with unmodified FS29 cells. These data suggest that IL-4 secretion stimulates the better long-term host anti-tumour response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research