Objectives. This retrospective study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of the Vest and direct vesicourethral anastomosis for radical prostatectomy. Methods. Five hundred six patients who underwent consecutive radical prostatectomies at our institution were analyzed. Two hundred fifty- nine patients underwent vesicourethral anastomosis using the Vest technique and 247 underwent a direct suture anastomosis. The groups were analyzed relative to time until healing, the occurrence of anastomotic strictures, and the continence rate 1 year after surgery. Results. Approximately twice as many patients who underwent the Vest procedure experienced delayed healing and 8.5% developed anastomotic strictures compared with 1.2% of the direct anastomosis group. The Vest group experienced slightly better urinary continence 1 year postoperatively. Conclusions. The Vest procedure is a reasonable alternative to direct anastomosis for radical prostatectomy and provides similar results. We suggest specific circumstances when the Vest anastomosis may be particularly useful.
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