Radical retropubic prostatectomy has become a mainstay surgical procedure in the treatment of cancer of the prostate. There has been controversy, however, regarding the most appropriate method of vesicourethral reconstruction. We examined the records of 692 consecutive patients who underwent a radical retropubic prostatectomy from 1978 through 1984 at the Mayo Clinic. Of these, 416 patients underwent a modified Vest procedure, and in 276 patients a direct simple anastomosis was fashioned. In comparing these two methods, our review showed no substantial difference in complications, including the rate of urinary incontinence.
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