Comparison of Six-Month Outcomes for Primary Percutaneous Revascularization for Acute Myocardial Infarction With Drug-Eluting Versus Bare Metal Stents (from the APEX-AMI Study)

Manesh R. Patel, Matthias E. Pfisterer, Amadeo Betriu, Petr Widmisky, David R. Holmes, William W. O'Neill, Amanda Stebbins, Frans Van de Werf, Paul W. Armstrong, Christopher B. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the use and outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DESs) and bare metal stents (BMSs) in a large primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) trial. Recently concerns have been raised with "off-label" use of DESs for short- and long-term clinical outcomes. Limited randomized data exist evaluating DESs versus BMSs in ST-elevation MI. Patients (n = 5,745) in the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX-AMI) trial were categorized by stent type used. Baseline variables and clinical outcomes were collected at 90 days and 6 months. Outcomes by stent type were adjusted for using conventional multivariable predictors of 90-day mortality (age, anterior location, total ST-segment deviation, and Killip class), time to PCI, and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction grade flow. Stents were deployed (at the investigator's discretion) in 5,124 patients (89.2%) with acute MI, with DES use in 2,221 (43.3%) and BMS use in 2,903 (56.7%). Patients receiving DESs were younger (median 59 vs 63 years of age, p <0.001), had left anterior descending coronary artery PCI (57.9% vs 48.1%, p <0.001), and often were treated in the United States (58.2%). DES-treated patients had a lower adjusted mortality at 90 days (hazard ratio 0.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54 to 0.99, p = 0.046) and trended toward lower mortality (hazard ratio 0.77, 95% CI 0.58 to 1.03, p = 0.084) and recurrent MI (hazard ratio 0.81, 95% CI 0.59 to 1.11, p = 0.186) at 6 months compared with BMSs. In conclusion, in this observational analysis of stent use from a large primary percutaneous intervention for acute MI trial, DESs appear as safe as BMSs with similar 6-month clinical outcomes with regard to death and recurrent MI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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