Comparison of outcomes between axial radial and axial ulnar carpal injuries

Steven F. Shannon, Chelsea C. Boe, Alexander Y. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Axial carpal injuries are rare entities where a traumatic force transmits through the intermetacarpal space, dissociating the carpometacarpal joint and disrupting the distal carpal row in an axial radial or axial ulnar pattern via true axial force or compressive crush mechanism. Differences in outcomes remain unclear with regard to the specific type of axial carpal injury pattern. A retrospective case series identified 37 wrists (in 37 patients) over 25 years who presented to a Level 1 trauma centre, with 20 wrists experiencing an axial radial injury and 17 wrists experiencing an axial ulnar injury. Of all the variables evaluated, only axial radial injuries were identified as predictors of poor outcome as defined by Mayo Wrist scores with univariate analysis demonstrating 6 times increased risk and multivariate analysis demonstrating 15 times increased risk of a poor outcome compared with axial ulnar injuries. This knowledge will provide prognostic information to surgeons managing patients with these severe injuries. Level of evidence: IV

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery: European Volume
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Axial
  • carpal dislocation
  • fracture dislocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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