Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies were performed to investigate the genetic differences which separate low-grade (LG), high-grade (HG), and borderline epithelial ovarian carcinomas. Fresh tumor samples and blood were obtained from 58 patients (20 LG, 34 HG, and 4 borderline tumor specimens) undergoing surgery for ovarian carcinoma at Mayo Clinic. Tumors were graded using a modified Broder's classification with invasive grades 1 and 2 considered LG, invasive grades 3 and 4 considered HG, and tumors with no evidence of stromal invasion classified as borderline. Polymorphism analysis was performed using 76 restriction fragment length polymorphisms and variable number of tandem repeats and 59 microsatellite markers representing all chromosome arms. Chromosome arms 6p, 17p, 17q, and 22q were found to be frequently lost in LG as well as HG tumors. Chromosome arms 13q and 15q were lost to a significantly greater extent in HG tumors compared to LG neoplasms (P = 0.003 and P = 0.08, respectively). Conversely, 3p loss was seen more frequently with LG tumors (P = 0.02). The majority of LG tumors (65%) did not show frequent LOH in the allelotype analysis. In fact, a subset of 7 (7 of 20) LG tumors accounted for 76% of the total allelic loss in the LG category. These tumors showed LOH almost identical to that of the HG neoplasms. Borderline tumors showed a low rate of allelic loss. There were no common events found between borderline and invasive tumors. Our data suggest that most HG tumors and a subset of LG tumors share genetic alterations at putative tumor suppressor genes detected by LOH studies. Chromosome 6 and 17 losses appear to be early events while 13q and 15q losses appear to be critical late events. However, a majority of LG tumors appear to develop as a consequence of an alternative mechanism^) which is not detected by LOH studies. Possibilities include: (a) inactivation of tumor suppressor genes without LOH; (b) dominant negative gene(s) in which only one allele requires mutation; and (c) changes in dominant acting oncogenes. This unidentified phenomenon may be operative in borderline tumors as well.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Oct 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research