Balloon angioplasty of small coronary artery lesions has been associated with lower success and higher complication rates than large coronary artery lesions. This study evaluates the in-hospital and 1-year outcome of the treatment of small coronary artery lesions in the modern era of interventional cardiology and compares it with the outcome of treating large coronary artery lesions. Of 1,658 patients with a single lesion treated from July 1997 to February 1998 in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Dynamic Registry, there were 587 patients with small coronary artery lesions (<3 mm) and 1,071 patients with large coronary artery lesions (≥3 mm). Success, in-hospital, and 1-year outcomes between both groups were compared. Patients with lesions in small coronary arteries were more often women, insulin-treated diabetics, and had undergone more prior coronary bypass graft surgery. Conventional angioplasty alone was performed more often and angioplasty with stents was performed less often in the small coronary artery than in the large coronary artery group. Angiographic success was slightly lower in the small coronary artery group (94.2% vs 96.9%, p <0.05). Periprocedural and in-hospital complication rates were similar in both groups. Likewise, at 1-year follow-up, major adverse cardiac events including death, myocardial infarction, and coronary artery bypass graft surgery were relatively low and comparable between the 2 groups, although patients with small coronary arteries were more likely to undergo repeat revascularization (17.4% vs 13.6%, p <0.05). Treatment of lesions in small coronary arteries in the modern era is associated with high success and low complication rates, comparable to the treatment of large coronary artery lesions, although the incidence of repeat revascularization was significantly greater at follow-up even if stents were used.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine