Comparison of immediate and long-term outcome of coronary angioplasty performed for unstable angina and rest pain in men and women

Edward T. Keelan, Boris D. Nunez, Diane E. Grill, Peter B. Berger, David R. Holmes, Malcolm R. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether a sex-related difference in outcome is present among patients who undergo percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for unstable angina. Design: We retrospectively analyzed the results after PTCA was performed between January 1981 and June 1993 in a series of 2,073 men and 941 women with unstable angina and rest pain. Results: The success rates of PTCA were similar for women and men (87.9% and 87.2%, respectively), as were the in-hospital mortality rates (4.1% and 3.2%, respectively) and the need for emergency coronary artery bypass operation (3.1% and 3.5%, respectively). Fewer women than men had Q-wave myocardial infarction (0.5% versus 1.6%; P = 0.02). During the follow-up period (mean, 4 years), no significant differences were noted between women and men in overall survival (81% and 85% at 6 years, respectively) or survival free of Q-wave myocardial infarction (81% and 83% at 6 years, respectively) with use of the Kaplan-Meier method. Women were less likely than men to have had coronary artery bypass grafting (19% versus 22% at 6 years; P = 0.02), and the occurrence of severe angina was higher in women than in men (52% versus 44% at 6 years; P = 0.001). A subgroup analysis of patients who had myocardial infarction within 7 days preceding PTCA showed a similar pattern of results. Conclusion: After PTCA performed for unstable angina and rest pain, survival rates were excellent in both women and men, and no difference was observed in subsequent myocardial infarction rates. During follow-up, however, women were more likely to have severe angina and were less likely to have had coronary artery bypass grafting. Concerns about possible sex- related complications should not dissuade physicians from performing PTCA when clinically indicated for unstable angina and rest pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-12
Number of pages8
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of immediate and long-term outcome of coronary angioplasty performed for unstable angina and rest pain in men and women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this