Background. Critical analysis of treadmill exercise testing (TMET) for the detection of coronary artery disease has revealed many shortcomings. Excellent diagnostic accuracy has been reported for dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Methods. A prospective comparison of DSE and TMET for the detection of coronary artery disease in routine clinical practice was performed using contrast cineangiography (significant stenosis ≤ 50%) as a gold standard. Results. A total of 116 patients (82 men, 34 women) were studied. Significant stenosis was detected by coronary angiography in 92 patients (79%). Single vessel disease occurred in 28, double-vessel disease in 32, and multivessel disease in 32 patients. Although sensitivity of DSE was better than that of TMET (82 versus 40%), specificity was worse (63 versus 79%). Positive predictive values for both DSE and TMET were good at 89 and 87%, respectively, whereas negative predictive values were poor for both (47% for DSE, 26% for TMET). Conclusions. Overall, DSE performs better than TMET in terms of sensitivity and positive and negative predictive value. Its lower specificity than that of TMET may lead to more patients being referred for diagnostic coronary angiography. The poor negative predictive value of DSE and TMET means that one should not be falsely reassured by normal results.
- Coronary disease
- Stress testing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine