Comparison of dobutamine stress echocardiography and treadmill exercise electrocardiography for detection of coronary artery disease

Terence G. Hennessy, Mary B. Codd, M. Siobhan Hennessy, Garvin Kane, Conor McCarthy, Hugh A. McCann, Declan D. Sugrue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Critical analysis of treadmill exercise testing (TMET) for the detection of coronary artery disease has revealed many shortcomings. Excellent diagnostic accuracy has been reported for dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Methods. A prospective comparison of DSE and TMET for the detection of coronary artery disease in routine clinical practice was performed using contrast cineangiography (significant stenosis ≤ 50%) as a gold standard. Results. A total of 116 patients (82 men, 34 women) were studied. Significant stenosis was detected by coronary angiography in 92 patients (79%). Single vessel disease occurred in 28, double-vessel disease in 32, and multivessel disease in 32 patients. Although sensitivity of DSE was better than that of TMET (82 versus 40%), specificity was worse (63 versus 79%). Positive predictive values for both DSE and TMET were good at 89 and 87%, respectively, whereas negative predictive values were poor for both (47% for DSE, 26% for TMET). Conclusions. Overall, DSE performs better than TMET in terms of sensitivity and positive and negative predictive value. Its lower specificity than that of TMET may lead to more patients being referred for diagnostic coronary angiography. The poor negative predictive value of DSE and TMET means that one should not be falsely reassured by normal results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-695
Number of pages7
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume8
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Coronary disease
  • Dobutamine
  • Electrocardiography
  • Stress testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of dobutamine stress echocardiography and treadmill exercise electrocardiography for detection of coronary artery disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this