Comparison of Costs and Postoperative Outcomes between Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures: Analysis from a State-Level Outpatient Database

Mohammed Ali Alvi, Jad Zreik, Yagiz U. Yolcu, Anshit Goyal, Dong Kun Kim, David F. Kallmes, Brett A. Freedman, Mohamad Bydon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Vertebral cement augmentation techniques are routinely used to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). In the current study, we used a state-level outpatient database to compare costs and postoperative outcomes between vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Methods: We queried the 2016 Florida State-Ambulatory Surgery Database of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project for patients undergoing thoracolumbar vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty for osteoporotic VCFs. Demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as postoperative outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. Results: A total of 105 patients (11.6%) who underwent vertebroplasty and 801 patients (88.4%) who underwent kyphoplasty were identified. Patients undergoing kyphoplasty were more likely to stay overnight or longer, with the P value trending toward significance (kyphoplasty with >1 day stay: 7.4% vs. vertebroplasty with >1 day stay: 1.9%; P = 0.086). Patients undergoing vertebroplasty had a significantly higher rate of discharge to home routine compared with patients undergoing kyphoplasty (97.1% [n = 102] vs. 94.1% [n = 754]; P < 0.001). Undergoing kyphoplasty was also associated with higher index admission costs ($40,706 vs. $18,965; P < 0.001) and higher readmission costs ($27,038 vs. $11,341; P = 0.046). The rates of 30-day and 90-day readmission were similar between the 2 groups (all P > 0.05). The rates of 30-day, 90-day, and overall readmission because of a new-onset fracture were also similar (all P > 0.05). However, vertebroplasty had a higher rate of readmissions associated with a procedure within a year (21.9% [n = 23] vs. 14.5% [n = 116]; P = 0.047). Conclusions: Our analyses from a state-level database of patients undergoing vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty for osteoporotic VCFs show similar postoperative outcomes for the 2 procedures but a higher cost for kyphoplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e801-e814
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Kyphoplasty
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Outcomes
  • Outpatient
  • VCF
  • Vertebroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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