Comparison of baseline quality of life measures between renal cell carcinoma patients undergoing partial versus radical nephrectomy

Michelle L. Arnold, David D. Thiel, Nancy Diehl, Kevin J. Wu, Steve Ames, Alexander S. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To compare demographics, pathologic features, performance scores, comorbidities, symptoms and responses to quality of life (QoL) surveys between nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) and radical nephrectomy (RN) patients prior to surgical intervention. Previous investigators have compared QoL outcomes for patients undergoing RN and NSS; however, there are limited data comparing QoL-related characteristics at baseline between these groups. Methods. We identified 144 patients with localized RCC who underwent either NSS (n = 71) or RN (n = 73) between May '07-November '12. We abstracted baseline data on demographic and clinic-pathologic variables as well as responses to the SF-36 and FACT-G surveys from our prospective registry. We amended the FACT-G with 8 additional questions designed to address RCC-specific QoL. For comparisons between the two groups, we employed Wilcoxon rank-sum and Fisher's Exact tests where appropriate. Results: We observed RN patients to have more aggressive pathology. We noted no difference in performance scores between the two groups; however, RN patients were more likely to have higher Charlson scores (p = 0.022) and various symptoms at presentation (all p <0.001). For the QoL surveys, we did not observe differences on the FACT-G; however, we noted evidence of differential scores between the two groups on specific domains of the SF-36 (e.g. Mental Health; p 0.022) and the RCC-specific QoL questions added to the FACT-G. Conclusions: We report baseline differences between RN and NSS patients on clinico-pathologic as well as QoL-related metrics. As issues of survivorship become increasingly important, our results underscore the need to consider baseline status in evaluations of QoL-related outcomes for patients undergoing surgery for RCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number52
JournalBMC Urology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Kidney cancer
  • Nephron-sparing surgery
  • Quality of life
  • Radical nephrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Urology

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