Objectives To assess clinicopathologic outcomes between two nodal assessment approaches in patients with endometrioid endometrial carcinoma and limited myoinvasion. Methods Patients with endometrial cancer at two institutions were reviewed. At one institution, a complete pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy to the renal veins was performed in select cases deemed at risk for nodal metastasis due to grade 3 cancer and/or primary tumor diameter > 2 cm (LND cohort). This is a historic approach at this institution. At the other institution, a sentinel lymph node mapping algorithm was used per institutional protocol (SLN cohort). Low risk was defined as endometrioid adenocarcinoma with myometrial invasion < 50%. Macrometastasis, micrometastasis, and isolated tumor cells were all considered node-positive. Results Of 1135 cases identified, 642 (57%) were managed with an SLN approach and 493 (43%) with an LND approach. Pelvic nodes (PLNs) were removed in 93% and 58% of patients, respectively (P < 0.001); para-aortic nodes (PANs) were removed in 14.5% and 50% of patients, respectively (P < 0.001). Median number of PLNs removed was 6 and 34, respectively; median number of PANs removed was 5 and 16, respectively (both P < 0.001). Metastasis to PLNs was detected in 5.1% and 2.6% of patients, respectively (P = 0.03), and to PANs in 0.8% and 1.0%, respectively (P = 0.75). The 3-year disease-free survival rates were 94.9% (95% CI, 92.4-97.5) and 96.8% (95% CI, 95.2-98.5), respectively. Conclusions Our findings support the use of either strategy for endometrial cancer staging, with no apparent detriment in adhering to the SLN algorithm. The clinical significance of disease detected on ultrastaging and the role of adjuvant therapy is yet to be determined.
- Comprehensive lymphadenectomy
- Endometrial carcinoma
- SLN algorithm
- Sentinel lymph node
- Sentinel lymph node algorithm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology