Comparison Between Bicuspid and Tricuspid Aortic Regurgitation: Presentation, Survival, and Aorta Complications

Li Tan Yang, Hao Yun Lo, Chien Chang Lee, Masaaki Takeuchi, Tzu Chun Hsu, Chieh Mei Tsai, Hector I. Michelena, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Yih Sharng Chen, Wen Jone Chen, Yi Lwun Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although the Asian population is growing globally, data in Asian subjects regarding differences between bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) in aortic regurgitation (AR) remain unexplored. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine differences between Asian BAV-AR and TAV-AR in significant AR, including aorta complications. Methods: The study included 711 consecutive patients with chronic moderate to severe and severe AR from 2008 to 2020. Outcomes included all-cause death, aortic valve surgery (AVS), and incidence of aortic dissection (AD). Results: There were 149 BAV-AR (mean age: 48 ± 16 years) and 562 TAV-AR (mean age: 68 ± 15 years; P < 0.0001) patients; baseline indexed left ventricle and indexed aorta size were larger in TAV-AR. Total follow-up was 4.8 years (IQR: 2.0-8.4 years), 252 underwent AVS, and 185 died during follow-up; 18 cases (only 1 BAV) of AD occurred, with a mean maximal aorta size of 60 ± 9 mm. The 10-year AVS incidence was higher in TAV-AR (51% ± 4%) vs BAV-AR (40% ± 5%) even after adjustment for covariates (P < 0.0001). The 10-year survival was higher in BAV-AR (86% ± 4%) vs TAV-AR (57% ± 3%; P < 0.0001) and became insignificant after age adjustment (P = 0.33). Post-AVS 10-year survival was 93% ± 5% in BAV-AR and 78% ± 5% in TAV-AR, respectively (P = 0.08). The 10-year incidence of AD was higher in TAV-AR (4.8% ± 1.5%) than in BAV-AR (0.9% ± 0.9%) and was determined by aorta size ≥45 mm (P ≤ 0.015). Compared with an age- and sex-matched population in Taiwan, TAV-AR (HR: 3.1) had reduced survival (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that TAV-AR patients were at a later stage of AR course and had a high AD rate as opposed to BAV-AR patients in Taiwan, emphasizing the importance of early referral for timely management. Surgery on the aorta with a lower threshold in TAV-AR should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-486
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Asia
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • aortic regurgitation
  • bicuspid aortic valve
  • survival
  • tricuspid aortic valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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