Purpose: To prospectively assess acute differences in patient-reported outcomes in bowel and urinary domains between intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and proton beam therapy (PBT) for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Bowel function (BF), urinary irritative/obstructive symptoms (UO), and urinary incontinence (UI) domains of EPIC-26 were collected in patients with T1-T2 prostate cancer receiving IMRT or PBT at a tertiary cancer center (2015-2018). Mean changes in domain scores were analyzed from pretreatment to the end of and 3 months post-radiotherapy for each modality. A clinically meaningful change was defined as a score change >50% of the baseline standard deviation. Results: A total of 157 patients receiving IMRT and 105 receiving PBT were included. There were no baseline differences in domain scores between cohorts. At the end of radiotherapy, there was significant and clinically meaningful worsening of BF and UO scores for patients receiving either modality. In the BF domain, the IMRT cohort experienced greater decrement (−13.0 vs −6.7, P <.01), and had a higher proportion of patients with clinically meaningful reduction (58.4% vs 39.5%, P =.01), compared to PBT. At 3 months post-radiotherapy, the IMRT group had significant and clinically meaningful worsening of BF (−9.3, P <.001), whereas the change in BF score of the PBT cohort was no longer significant or clinically meaningful (−1.2, P =.25). There were no significant or clinically meaningful changes in UO or UI 3 months post-radiotherapy. Conclusions: PBT had less acute decrement in BF than IMRT following radiotherapy. There was no difference between the two modalities in UO and UI.
- intensity modulated radiotherapy
- prostate cancer
- proton beam radiotherapy
- quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research