Compared Abilities of Endoscopic Techniques to Increase Colon Adenoma Detection Rates: A Network Meta-analysis

Antonio Facciorusso, Konstantinos Triantafyllou, Mohammad H Murad, Larry J. Prokop, Georgios Tziatzios, Nicola Muscatiello, Siddharth Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a quality metric for colorectal cancer screening. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to assess the overall and comparative efficacies of different endoscopic techniques in adenoma detection. Methods: We performed a systematic review of published articles and abstracts, through March 15, 2018, to identify randomized controlled trials of adults undergoing colonoscopy that compared the efficacy of different devices in detection of adenomas. Our final analysis included 74 2-arm trials that comprised 44948 patients. These studies compared efficacies of add-on devices (cap, endocuff, endo-rings, G-EYE), enhanced imaging techniques (chromoendoscopy, narrow-band imaging, flexible spectral imaging color enhancement, blue laser imaging), new scopes (full-spectrum endoscopy, extra-wide-angle-view colonoscopy, dual focus), and low-cost optimizing existing resources (water-aided colonoscopy, second observer, dynamic position change), alone or in combination with high-definition colonoscopy or each other. Primary outcome was increase in ADR. We performed pairwise and network meta-analyses, and appraised quality of evidence using GRADE. Results: Low-cost optimizing existing resources (odds ratio [OR], 1.29; 95% CI,1.17–1.43), enhanced imaging techniques (OR,1.21; 95% CI, 1.09–1.35), and add-on devices (OR,1.18; 95% CI, 1.07–1.29) were associated with a moderate increase in ADR compared with high-definition colonoscopy; there was low to moderate confidence in estimates. Use of newer scopes was not associated with significant increases in ADR compared with high-definition colonoscopy (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.79–1.21). In our comparative efficacy analysis, no specific technology for increasing ADR was superior to others. We did not find significant differences between technologies in detection of advanced ADR, polyp detection rate, or mean number of adenomas/patient. Conclusions: In a network meta-analysis of published trials, we found that low-cost optimization of existing resources to be as effective as enhanced endoscopic imaging, or add-on devices, in increasing ADR during high-definition colonoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Colon Cancer
  • Endoscopist
  • Guidelines
  • Standard Colonoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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