Comparative volumetric analysis of the extent of resection of molecularly and histologically distinct low grade gliomas and its role on survival

Chikezie I. Eseonu, Francisco Eguia, Karim ReFaey, Oscar Garcia, Fausto J. Rodriguez, Kaisorn Chaichana, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigate the role of extent of resection (EOR) and genetic markers on patient outcome and survival for LGGs. We conducted a retrospective cohort between 2005 and 2015, of 109 adult patients who underwent surgery for a LGG by a single surgeon. Volumetric computations of MRI studies were conducted to evaluate the EOR, and genetic markers (IDH1, 1p/19q co-deletion, and p53) were assessed and their effects on survival and neurological outcome were evaluated. The median EOR was 88.1%. Permanent postoperative neurological deficits were seen in 4.6% of patients. EOR was a significant predictor for both overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.979, 95% CI 0.961–0.980, p = 0.029) and progression free survival (PFS) (HR = 0.982, 95% CI 0.968–0.997, p = 0.018). Malignant progression free survival (MPFS) was predicted by the 1p/19q co-deletion (HR = 0.148, 95% CI 0.019–1.148, p = 0.048). Patients with EOR of 100% had a significantly better OS than EOR less than 90% (p = 0.038). Patients with an EOR of at least 76% had a better OS than EOR less than 76% (p = 0.025). Patients with an EOR of at least 71% had a better PFS than EOR less than 71% (p = 0.030). Preoperative tumor volume was found to have significant association with EOR (R2 = 0.049, p = 0.031). Increased EOR is associated with improved OS and PFS survival outcomes, while 1p/19q co-deletion provides improved MPFS. Understanding both surgical resections and molecular markers of the tumor are important for effective management of LGG patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Keywords

  • Extent of resection
  • Low grade glioma
  • Molecular markers
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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