Comparative effectiveness of mRNA-1273 and BNT162b2 against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection

Arjun Puranik, Patrick J. Lenehan, Eli Silvert, Michiel J.M. Niesen, Juan Corchado-Garcia, John C. O'Horo, Abinash Virk, Melanie D. Swift, Joel E. Gordon, Leigh Lewis Speicher, Holly L. Geyer, Walter Kremers, John Halamka, Andrew D. Badley, A. J. Venkatakrishnan, Venky Soundararajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: mRNA coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are safe and effective, but increasing reports of breakthrough infections highlight the need to vigilantly monitor and compare the effectiveness of these vaccines. Methods: We retrospectively compared protection against symptomatic infection conferred by mRNA-1273 and BNT162b2 at Mayo Clinic sites from December 2020 to September 2021. We used a test-negative case-control design to estimate vaccine effectiveness (VE) and to compare the odds of symptomatic infection after full vaccination with mRNA-1273 versus BNT162b2, while adjusting for age, sex, race, ethnicity, geography, comorbidities, and calendar time of vaccination and testing. Findings: Both vaccines were highly effective over the study duration (VEmRNA-1273: 84.1%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 81.6%–86.2%; VEBNT162b2: 75.6%, 95% CI: 72.2%–78.7%), but their effectiveness was reduced during July–September (VEmRNA-1273: 75.6%, 95% CI: 70.1%–80%; VEBNT162b2: 63.5%, 95% CI: 55.8%–69.9%) as compared to December–May (VEmRNA-1273: 93.7%, 95% CI: 90.4%–95.9%; VEBNT162b2: 85.7%, 95% CI: 81.4%–88.9%). Adjusted for demographic characteristics, clinical comorbidities, time of vaccination, and time of testing, the odds of experiencing a symptomatic breakthrough infection were lower after full vaccination with mRNA-1273 than with BNT162b2 (odds ratio: 0.60; 95% CI: 0.55–0.67). Conclusions: Both mRNA-1273 and BNT162b2 strongly protect against symptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. It is imperative to continue monitoring and comparing available vaccines over time and with respect to emerging variants to inform public and global health decisions. Funding: This study was funded by nference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-41.e8
JournalMed
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2022

Keywords

  • BNT162b2
  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Translation to population health
  • comparative effectiveness
  • mRNA vaccines
  • mRNA-1273

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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